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Higher Education’s Enemy Within

Higher Education’s Enemy Within

An army of nonfaculty staff push for action and social justice at the expense of free inquiry.

By

José A. Cabranes

Nov. 8, 2019 5:25 pm ET

American higher education seems to be in a permanent state of crisis. Almost monthly, a federal court has occasion to reprimand some college or university for improperly chilling speech, even as some students continue to complain that campuses are too friendly to the wrong kind of speakers. Many institutions have cut back on faculty hiring, even as the cost of tuition grows. Two basic, and mutually reinforcing, phenomena are behind the chaos on campus.

First, colleges and universities have subordinated their historic mission of free inquiry to a new pursuit of social justice. Consider the remarkable evolution of Yale’s mission statement. For decades the university said its purpose was “to create, preserve, and disseminate knowledge.” The language was banal enough, but nevertheless on the money. In 2016, however, Yale’s president announced a new mission statement, which no longer mentions knowledge. Instead, Yale is now officially “committed to improving the world” and educating “aspiring leaders”—not only through research, but also through “practice.”

Second, American colleges and universities have been overwhelmed by a dangerous alliance of academic bureaucrats and student activists committed to imposing the latest social-justice diktats. This alliance has displaced the traditional governors of the university—the faculty. Indeed, nonfaculty administrators and activists are driving some of the most dangerous developments in university life, including the erosion of the due-process rights of faculty and students, efforts to regulate the “permissible limits” of classroom discussion, and the condemnation of unwelcome ideas as “hate speech.”

How did the university lose its way? How did this new alliance of activists and administrators supplant the faculty?

Though there are many factors, they all point back to a far-reaching intellectual confusion that pervades the nation’s campuses, from dorm rooms to classrooms. Too many in higher education are unwilling or unable to maintain a distinction that lies at the core of the liberal democratic project, and at the center of the West’s intellectual tradition: the distinction between inquiry and action, speech and conduct.

At one time, not so long ago, it was obvious that colleges and universities were the embodiment of this distinction, dedicated above all to serious reflection. Their purpose was to instruct students in methods and habits of free inquiry. It was equally clear what universities were not. They were not places to absorb and enforce “correct” answers to our unsettled social, cultural, moral or economic debates.

Maintaining that distinction between inquiry and action has always been crucial to academic freedom. It is difficult, after all, to obtain the truth while you are being bludgeoned into submission.

But today that distinction has been blurred, with nonfaculty administrators doing the blurring. Gone is the approach that I took for granted when I was one such administrator. As the legal adviser to three Yale presidents, I was pleased to think that my job was largely to protect our faculty from undue risks, so that the university could fulfill its core mission as a place of inquiry.

But now the ambitions of university staff are much greater. They seek to achieve diversity, inclusion and equity—defined, ever vaguely, on their terms. And so the nonfaculty staff—who, unlike the faculty, are dedicated to doing rather than deliberating—set the tone on campus.

A similar conceptual confusion has facilitated the rise of today’s student activists.

It may surprise you to learn that the faculty plays almost no role in the admissions process at most universities. Instead, that process has been handed to specialized “admissions departments.” Faculty members who want to be involved in admissions are relegated to toothless advisory committees, where they are lucky to be invited to glimpse the making of the sausage. Admissions “professionals” are less interested in traditional academic criteria, such as scholastic talent and intellectual openness, than they are in flashier virtues such as “activism,” “leadership” or “overcoming adversity.” Students now arrive on campus having been instructed to promote themselves as “social entrepreneurs” or “change makers.” It has become common for applicants to claim to have “founded,” at 17, some shiny-sounding nonprofit devoted to beneficent acts.

The contemporary admissions process thus reflects and advances a transformation of the university from a place of thought to an instrument of social action. Is it any wonder that students go searching for windmills at which to tilt?

As the new species of bureaucrats and student activists have come to dominate the university, they have reshaped it in their image. Wherever possible, they have sought to muddle the distinction between intellectual deliberation and political action—thus making certain thoughts, like certain deeds, into crimes.

What can be done to counteract these baleful developments? We must look to the faculty itself, which can still exercise substantial influence, even if only in self-defense. The faculty, besieged though it is, must reassert its historic centrality in the university and stand ready to protect the search for truth. If it fails to do so, faculty members have only themselves to blame for their disempowerment.

But the faculty needs help. Trustees and alumni have a role to play. Trustees can start by recalling their considerable legal authority. They should demand detailed justifications for each and every deputy deanship and assistant directorship that swells the bureaucratic ranks. Trimming nonfaculty staff positions would require effort, but it wouldn’t be impossible—unlike faculty, these positions lack the protections of tenure.

Alumni must also become wiser in their philanthropy. At big-name institutions, bureaucratic bloat is made possible by immense endowments and endless fundraising campaigns. For too long, the exchange has been simple: Donors provide funds and, in return, they receive recognition—but little influence.

This should come to an end. Donors should decline to provide single-lump gifts. Instead, donors should provide annual support for specific programs—but only as long as certain criteria are met. Of course, donors have no business telling professors what to teach or write. But neither should donors meekly trust that Alma Mater knows best.

Above all, concerned trustees and alumni should not shy away from using all available levers, including financial and political pressure, to reassert the university’s true mission.

If they fail to do so, our country—not just its colleges and universities—will be worse off. For even in this moment, our storied academic institutions still maintain a gravitational force, pulling in eager students from around the country, and, as important, from around the world, to learn in a free and open environment.

Indeed, reinforcements from abroad, attracted by the promise of what America’s institutions—including its colleges and universities—have to offer, may yet ensure that our country remains a source of inspiration and hope.

Judge Cabranes serves on the Second U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. He was Yale’s first

Yale and the Purpose of Great Universities

Why is Peter Salovey so obsessed with the origins of Yale’s students rather than their intellectual achievements?

May 2, 2019 3:35 p.m. ET

In his response (Letters, April 29) to Heather Mac Donald’s “At Yale, ‘Diversity’ Means More of the Same” (op-ed, April 24), Yale University President Peter Salovey does a better job at confirming everything Ms. Mac Donald asserts about Yale. Why is Mr. Salovey so obsessed with the origins of Yale’s students rather than their intellectual achievements? Apparently, Yale University, any university, must be a sort of universal pacifier: “Yale engages with contemporary challenges, including racism, discrimination and intolerance in this country and world-wide. Such engagement isn’t ‘bureaucratic bloat:’ it is a university fulfilling its mission.”

This is a very odd view of a university. There are many other institutions whose proper, assigned mission is to “engage with contemporary challenges.” Is the university not different in important ways?

Segregation by Design on Campus

SegHow racial separatism become the norm at elite universities like Yale, Brown and Wesleyan.

By Peter W. Wood and Dion J. Pierre

April 29, 2019 2:58 p.m. ET

In his inaugural address in January 1963, Gov. George Wallace of Alabama thundered: “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever.” About “tomorrow,” Wallace was right. More than half a century later, racial segregation comes as easy as breathing to many American colleges and universities.

Wallace had in mind the exclusion of blacks from white-only institutions. Today’s racial segregation, by contrast, consists of ethnic groups walling themselves off within institutions. In the past two years the National Association of Scholars surveyed 173 colleges and universities, public and private, in all 50 states. We found 46% of schools segregate student orientation programs, 43% segregate residential arrangements, and 72% segregate graduation ceremonies. Though these arrangements are ostensibly voluntary, students can’t easily opt out. The social pressure to conform is overwhelming.

This kind of racial separatism on campus isn’t new. We pursued case studies of Yale, Wesleyan and Brown universities, where we found that black students began to organize exclusive groups with separatist agendas as early as the 1960s.

Begin with Yale, the subject of a 210-page study released by NAS this week. The Black Students Association at Yale, or BSAY, was founded in 1964 as the Yale Discussion Group. Black students started the organization because they felt Yale recruited them merely for show. The accusation may have been unfair but it touched something real.

In 1964 Yale’s newly appointed president, Kingman Brewster, declared an all-out “effort to cure racial injustice.” This meant discarding Yale’s old policy of admitting only highly qualified black students in favor of aggressive outreach to the inner cities. Brewster’s like-minded admissions dean, R. Inslee “Inky” Clark, openly set forth a plan to enroll black students regardless of their test scores or other evidence of academic achievement. Brewster and Clark believed they could turn anyone into a Yale man. (The university didn’t admit female undergraduates until 1969.)

The new zeal to boost numbers brushed aside hard questions about college readiness and cultural adjustment. The results were catastrophic for the students. More than a third of the 35 black students Yale enrolled in 1966 dropped out during their first year, and many others lagged behind academically and felt unwelcome.

To stem the exodus, Yale set up a summer remediation program for black students. It did little to encourage their academic success, but it unexpectedly reshaped relations between black students and the university. The program isolated the black students as a group and gave them a sense of solidarity and shared grievance.

Out of this seedbed sprang BSAY, which was Yale’s first racial identity group. BSAY found its voice by demanding that Yale provide an ever-greater number of accommodations, including separate advisers, a separate orientation, and a separate center in a separate building. BSAY also became the leading advocate for a separate curriculum—the African-American studies program—that entailed hiring new faculty members with appropriate qualifications. A new world began to open up at Yale bearing a strange resemblance to the “separate but equal” arrangements that the Supreme Court had ruled unconstitutional in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education.

Though this happened more than 50 years ago, the pattern set down in the turmoil of the late 1960s continues. BSAY’s goal wasn’t a university where racial difference ceased to matter, but a university that aggrandized race and celebrated separation. Brewster agreed to almost anything activists wanted, apparently hoping a golden age of racial integration would follow.

Instead, BSAY grasped that racial intimidation yields rich rewards. The intimidation expanded beyond BSAY itself to a broader coalition of identity groups. Yale now steers its course with a compass of group rights, with each group asserting its own demand to be compensated for past wrongs. The most famous example is the 2015 mobbing of Prof. Nicholas Christakis over Halloween costumes. Yale President Peter Salovey responded by praising the “affirming and effective forms of protest,” and the trustees soon set aside $50 million to meet protesters’ demands.

Yale is a private institution with abundant resources to deploy as it pleases. But Yale is also one of the templates for American higher education as a whole. Its readiness to appease racial separatists who hold the ideal of racial integration in contempt has become the campus norm.

Wesleyan University in Middletown, Conn., became one of the first schools to embrace residential segregation when it created the Afro-American House (now called the Malcolm X House) circa 1968. In 1972 Cornell began accepting black students to its Ujamaa Residential College, a 144-resident building for blacks who have “personal knowledge” of the black experience. Other elite schools, such as Columbia University (Pan African House), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Chocolate City), the University of California Berkeley (African American Theme Program), Stanford University (Ujamaa), and Amherst College (Charles Drew House), made similar arrangements. In 2016 the University of Connecticut opened the Scholars House for black male students. The crush of protests across academia in fall 2015 was driven by racial organizations composed of students primed to see themselves not as individuals but as members of persecuted racial groups.

Today’s campus segregation puts people in a racial box. And like other forms of segregation, it has been a major source of tumult in higher education across the decades. Institutions of higher education should stop deliberately balkanizing their student bodies, and work instead to unify them around the common purpose of seeking truth and knowledge.

Mr. Wood is president of the National Association of Scholars. Mr. Pierre is a research associate at the association and primary author of its new report, “Separate But Equal, Again: Neo-Segregation in Higher Education.”

UP CLOSE: Woodbridge loyalists question Salovey’s leadership

By Serena Cho , Yale Daily News April 26, 2109

One afternoon last fall, four of Yale’s most generous alumni joined former University Secretary Sam Chauncey ’57 and Chief Investment Officer David Swensen GRD ’80 for lunch at the Racquet and Tennis Club — an exclusive, all-male social club on Park Avenue. The net worth in the room hovered in the billions.

But the Yale loyalists — which also included Sandy Warner ’68, Nicholas Brady ’52, Vernon Loucks ’57 and Charles Johnson ’54 — had not gathered to reminisce about their bright college years. Instead, the six men convened to discuss concerns about University President Peter Salovey’s leadership and his ability to head Yale’s upcoming capital campaign, the University’s next major fundraising push.

“The general consensus of the people at the meeting was that Peter had shown some real signs of weakness,” Loucks said.

These six alumni have footed the bill for several of Yale’s most ambitious projects and served as right-hand men to previous University presidents. Johnson, the biggest donor in University history, gifted the $250 million that funded the construction of the two newest residential colleges, while Brady, a former secretary of treasury, endowed the Brady-Johnson Program in Grand Strategy with Johnson in 2006. Warner, a former chairman of J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., is one of the longest-sitting members of the Corporation. Chauncey served as special assistant to former University President Kingman Brewster between 1963 and 1972. Loucks was a senior fellow of the Yale Corporation in the 1980s and 1990s. And Swensen, the University’s highest-paid administrator, is renowned for inventing “the Yale Model,” now the mainstream model used in endowment management worldwide.

In interviews with the News, Loucks, Warner, Johnson and Chauncey described their accounts of the meeting. Swensen did not respond to multiple requests for comment. Brady declined to comment on the private lunch. Salovey also declined to comment on the meeting.

While the group discussed the University’s upcoming major projects, including the creation of the Yale Jackson School of Global Affairs, much of the conversation focused on how Salovey has handled past controversies, such as the 2017 decision to rename Calhoun College. According to Loucks, the discussion centered on whether a change in leadership is necessary, given that Salovey has not articulated a clear vision for Yale.

Johnson told the News that he attended the gathering to discuss candidates for the Yale Corporation. But Loucks and Warner both agreed that such conversations were incidental to the main focus of the meeting.

Warner said he attended the lunch to meet with “longtime friends” and answer their questions about the University’s current affairs. Meeting with alumni to discuss concerns about Yale is “part of an everyday diet for a Corporation member,” he explained. But Chauncey and Loucks both told the News that they had never been to a meeting like the one at the Racquet and Tennis Club, where several of Yale’s biggest names discussed their concerns about University leadership.

According to Loucks, while all six men at the gathering shared similar criticisms of Salovey’s leadership, Warner was “more hesitant” to criticize the president because he is “in a different position and is a sitting member of the Corporation … and has to continue to be a part of that.”

“[The current University administration] does not have a solid vision and that bothered everybody,” Loucks said. “They don’t have a good sense of where they are going and the strength to pull it off, and that’s not a good position to be in when you are going after a lot of money in a new campaign. That’s the job of the president. … [The goal has] never been articulated in a way that ties everything together and says where we are going as a university.”

But the group, which does not have authority over the University leadership, has since paused its considerations.

According to Warner, the six men left the fall meeting without a conclusion on what their next steps should be. When asked whether the Yale Corporation — which has the power to fire a sitting University president — has confidence in Salovey, Warner said last month that “the view of the Corporation has been and continues to be that Peter is our leader.” There is “work to do in some areas,” but the University is “in the process of getting it done,” he added. But Warner declined to specify what those areas of concern are.

According to Loucks, Warner said at the meeting that the Corporation is unlikely “to be supportive of anything that would result in [Salovey’s] ousting.” Still, Loucks said he knows from his private conversations with former and current members of the Corporation that several are concerned about the University administration’s lack of direction and vision. Warner told the News that it takes internal debate to develop one collective view formally espoused by the Corporation.

In an interview with the News last week, Salovey, countering the group’s concerns, said he has been articulating his visions for the University since his inauguration in 2013. But 40 interviews with current and former trustees, deans, administrators, faculty members and alumni underscored the uncertainty surrounding the current administration’s goals for the University.

Now, six years into his presidency, Salovey is preparing to launch his first major fundraising push. But as Salovey embarks on the project that will define his legacy, many members of the University community remain confused about the direction Salovey is steering Yale.

IN LEVIN’S SHADOW

When Yale began searching for a new president in 2012, Salovey was frequently mentioned as then-University President Richard Levin’s most likely successor. He had held almost every senior position in the University administration, including dean of Yale College, dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and provost.

While the presidential search that led to Levin’s appointment in 1993 took 10 months, the University appointed Salovey after just 65 days. According to two individuals with knowledge of the situation, Salovey received an offer to be president of Dartmouth College in the midst of Yale’s own search.

“If your top candidate is offered a position elsewhere … of course it’s going to change the Corporation’s view about … what the best strategy is,” former trustee Francisco Cigarroa ’79 — who was a member of the search committee that appointed Salovey — told the News. “But just because somebody else is recruiting a candidate doesn’t mean that we are going to make that candidate our top candidate as well.”

Cigarroa added that Salovey’s commitment to be “really inclusive in developing strategy and making decisions” for the University impressed members of the search committee. Many students and faculty members told the committee that they wanted the next University president to have “emotional intelligence” — a term coined by Salovey himself — Cigarroa explained.

Once Salovey took the helm of the University, many of his early goals echoed those that Levin had already announced. At the freshman address in August 2013 — the first speech he gave as president — Salovey vowed to make Yale more accessible. During his tenure, Levin quintupled the University’s annual financial aid budget, raising it from $24 million to $120 million. Moreover, several of the priorities Salovey laid out in his October 2013 inaugural address — including improving the University’s relationship with New Haven and making Yale “a global and more unified university” — were projects that had defined Levin’s presidency. In the address, Salovey also presented a few new goals, such as increasing research and teachings about Africa as well as encouraging collaboration among units and departments across the Yale community.

Shortly after his inauguration, Salovey also announced “seven critical ambitions” to make Yale more unified, innovative and accessible. The ambitions, bold and imprecise, left much to be said about what Salovey would concretely do to improve the university he had inherited. The goals included making Yale the “most committed to teaching and learning,” “shar[ing] more broadly Yale’s intellectual assets with the world” and diversifying the student body.

Indeed, Salovey’s early goals for the University were broader and more ambiguous than what Levin envisioned in the early days of his presidency. Unlike Salovey, in his inaugural address in October 1993, Levin identified two specific goals: improving Yale’s relationship with New Haven and making Yale a global research university. Levin told the News that many of the projects and investments throughout his presidency were specifically undertaken to advance these two goals.

“[Levin] mastered his own vision for Yale … [and] it seems to me [that] he has left a unique imprint on the face of the University,” history of art professor Mary Miller, who succeeded Salovey as dean of Yale College, said in an interview with the News. “There are the years before Levin and after Levin.”

DIVERGING STRATEGIES

Two years into his presidency, Salovey was in the midst of developing and refining his goals and priorities for Yale. But on the night before Halloween in 2015, an email from Silliman College Associate Master Erika Christakis and an alleged “white girls only” party at a Yale fraternity unleashed a series of racial controversies that catapulted Yale into the national spotlight.

From October 2015 to February 2017 — when the University announced the renaming of Calhoun College — Salovey published at least 13 statements in response to heated discussions about race and free speech on campus.

According to School of Management Dean Ted Snyder, the months Salovey spent debating whether to rename Calhoun exacted an opportunity cost. By focusing on the “issues of the day,” the University missed opportunities to “think about the long-run health of the institution” and develop its academic priorities, Snyder said.

In November 2016, Salovey finally announced that Yale is “in a position to move forward on the strategic academic investments.” In the University-wide statement, he identified faculty excellence, the sciences, arts and humanities and social sciences as priorities for investment and explained that while the descriptions these categories are “of course, not comprehensive,” they are meant to “provide a sense of our overall academic focus … and to serve as a starting point.”

But the approach Salovey took to identify specific areas for investment diverged from that of his predecessors. In fact, Salovey removed much of his own agency in the process by assembling committees of faculty members and administrators — such as the University Science Strategy Committee, University Humanities Committee and University-wide Committee on Data-Intensive Social Science. He then delegated to those committees the task of identifying specific and achievable academic objectives that can be pitched to donors by to those committees.

According to former Vice President for Development Inge Reichenbach — who coordinated the University’s previous capital campaign, Yale Tomorrow — Levin’s strategic planning process “was less formal … and a little bit more direct.” As his capital campaign came around 10 years into his presidency, Levin had a clearer idea of which major projects to pursue, and Levin himself identified areas for investment in consultation with deans, Reichenbach said.

Reichenbach added that it is the University president’s responsibility to “pull all [the committee recommendations and plans] together and articulate how [the smaller-scale projects and initiatives] add up to an overarching vision” for Yale.

Chauncey — a longtime administrator who served as special assistant to former University President Kingman Brewster between 1963 and 1972 and secretary of the Corporation from 1973 to 1982 — agreed that the ways in which former presidents like Brewster, A. Whitney Griswold and Bartlett Giamatti developed academic priorities were “much closer to the Levin model than the Salovey model.” While Salovey’s predecessors also commissioned committees, those committees were tasked with implementing a plan that the president had already decided on, Chauncey explained.

Still, in an interview with the News last week, Salovey said his collaborative approach allows him to make full use of the expertise on Yale’s campus. His strategic planning method — which he described as “both top-down and bottom-up” — will produce achievable and targeted objectives for the University in the next decade, Salovey argued.

He emphasized that leading by force is no longer an effective strategy for running a global research institution and said collaboration is key to running what he admitted to be an already crisis-ridden university. Towards the end of Levin’s presidency, many faculty members criticized him for establishing Yale-NUS College without adequately soliciting their feedback.

“A more collaborative style — yes, it takes longer — but I think it’s necessary,” Salovey said. “At the end of the day, I want everybody to feel like they were heard. … What we are doing … will change the University in the next decade and position it for decades beyond that. We’ve got to get it right. The way to get it right and the way to make sure that the campus is all marching in the same direction is to use a collaborative method.”

A LACK OF DIRECTION

Still, interviews with professional school deans, faculty members and alumni revealed that many members of the University community remain confused about Yale’s direction under Salovey’s leadership.

Political science professor and chair of the humanities program Bryan Garsten told the News that Salovey does not “have a sense of one driving mission” for the University, unlike Levin during his tenure. He added that while it is difficult to get all members of the Yale community behind one vision, it “would be healthy” to articulate the University’s priorities and visions more proactively.

Treasurer of the Class of 1963 Mike Freeland ’63 echoed Garsten’s remarks. He told the News that many alumni feel that the University “is running Salovey, rather than the other way around.” Many alumni members are reluctant to donate to Yale because they think Salovey’s goals are unclear, Freeland explained.

And even in Salovey’s inner circle — the University Cabinet, which includes all professional school deans and functions as a sounding board for the University president — there remains discontent with a lack of clarity in Yale’s strategic institutional direction. Yale Divinity School Dean Greg Sterling said he and several of his decanal colleagues share concerns about the fact that the University lacks an overarching vision. While the University administration has developed an academic plan, it has yet to announce a vision that will connect the constituent parts of that plan together, Sterling explained.

“We have a strategic plan [at the Divinity School] and we live and die by that,” Sterling said. “Some of those are pretty big goals … that would change the school. I don’t think Yale has that as a university right now. I couldn’t tell you what those goals are for Yale University. … Yale needs a vision. I would say certainly among the deans, yes, we are concerned about that.”

He added that while Levin’s “very decisive” leadership style brings faster progress, forcefully driving an agenda can create backlash among administrators and faculty members. Although Salovey’s collaborative approach may leave some wondering about the lack of changes at the University, it builds consensus and moves everybody along together, Sterling said.

“Enterprises with great resources should have aspirations that make the status quo unacceptable,” Snyder said in a statement to the News. “While Yale continues to progress on many fronts, a relevant question is whether these steps have generated excitement, momentum, and an overarching sense of purpose.”

A BATTLE YALE CAN’T WIN

In an interview with the News last week, Salovey said confusion about the direction of the University could, in part, be a result of the “recency effect” — when more recent information is better remembered and thus receives greater weight when forming a judgment.

“They ask themselves, ‘What’s happened in the past few months?’ and say, ‘Well, nothing seems to have changed,’” Salovey explained. “So they wonder whether we are making progress. But all you have to do is walk up the Science Hill and see a big science building getting finished. That’s an enabling project for our science strategy.”

In November, Salovey accepted the University Science Strategy Committee’s recommendations — which identified five “top priority” areas for STEM investment — and announced that Vice Provost for Research Peter Schiffer would lead the implementation of the committee’s findings. In an email to the News on Wednesday, Vice President for Communications Nate Nickerson said Salovey’s biggest accomplishments in science and engineering include renovating the Wright Laboratory, creating the undergraduate neuroscience major and teaching labs at the Sterling Chemistry Laboratory.

Still, many faculty members said there remains a major disjunction between what Salovey has promised and the current state of Yale’s STEM departments. Since November, the University administration has not released further guidelines or updates on how the recommendations of the University Science Strategy Committee report will be carried out. Meanwhile, many faculty members, alumni and administrators have voiced doubts on how Yale will compete against other universities that have traditionally excelled in the sciences, expressing concerns about the ongoing dearth of resources and the lack of clarity in Yale’s plans to enrich its science program.

Sterling, the dean of Yale Divinity School, emphasized that the University must select a few areas in which Yale can excel and clarify how its STEM departments will compete with their counterparts at other institutions. He added that while Yale should strengthen its sciences to remain a world-class institution, the University must also maintain its comparative advantage in the humanities and arts.

Yale Alumni Association delegate and Vice President of the Yale Club of Silicon Valley George Chen ’77, who conducts interviews with Yale applicants for the Yale Alumni Schools Committee, also emphasized the importance of capitalizing on Yale’s strengths. Persuading students who are interested in science and entrepreneurship to choose Yale over universities that have traditionally had a stronger STEM program is not only difficult, but often futile, Chen explained.

“[Yale] seems to be chasing things it cannot win,” Chen said.

Computer science professor Michael Fischer said Yale’s investment in STEM still falls far below what is needed for Yale to remain competitive with its traditional peer institutions. Similarly, mechanical engineering professor Juan de la Mora noted that the number of graduate students in his area of research, fluid dynamics, has greatly decreased due to a lack of resources and funding. Regardless of the intent, University administration seems to be letting research in the field die rather than restructuring the program and increasing support, de la Mora said.

Moreover, the School of Engineering & Applied Science has failed to name a new dean more than two years after the school’s former dean, Kyle Vanderlick, announced her resignation from the post. Unlike other professional school deans, the dean of the SEAS — which is both a school within the University and a division within the Faculty of Arts and Sciences — lacks the authority to independently set the school’s budget. According to FAS Dean Tamar Gendler, while the school made an offer to a candidate in February 2018, the candidate eventually “decided to remain at their home institution, for a range of academic and personal reasons.”

And five out of 10 John C. Malone professorships — which were created in 2011 when business mogul John Malone ’63 donated $50 million to the SEAS — remained empty until earlier this year.

While giving a PowerPoint presentation at a SEAS faculty luncheon Dec. 12, the acting dean of the school, Mitchell Smooke, said that Malone professorships may be taken away, three SEAS faculty members told the News. They added that Smooke instructed faculty members at the meeting to accelerate the search for faculty to fill the endowed professorships and avoid such a situation. Many faculty members inferred that Malone was upset because for almost eight years, the University had failed to recruit faculty members for half of his professorships, the three individuals said. While all three faculty members were present at the luncheon, they requested anonymity to discuss confidential matters discussed at the meeting. Smooke did not respond to request for comment.

“If Salovey’s goal is STEM, why hasn’t he filled all the Malone professorships?” one of the anonymous SEAS professors asked. “If Salovey’s goal is STEM, what are the accomplishments he can speak to after six years?”

In March, computer science professor Holly Rushmeier and physics professor Hui Cao — both of whom were already faculty members at the University — were appointed to the professorships. SEAS departments are currently conducting a search to name three more Malone professors, Salovey said in an interview earlier this year.

Salovey declined to comment on his conversations with a donor, but said “any donor who donates professorships

[gets]

great pleasure out of seeing them filled.” Still, Salovey added that most donors also want their professorships to be reserved for the best candidates and recognize that recruiting leading scholars in the field requires time.

In an interview with the News, Salovey also acknowledged that the University has faced challenges in “strengthening exciting areas of engineering that is already attracting a lot of students.” Yet he also noted that Yale must “pick our shots” to successfully expand the sciences and said administrators and faculty members must have time to mull over their strategic investment plan and “come to a consensus.”

GEARING UP FOR THE CAMPAIGN

As Yale gears up for the next capital campaign — which is likely to launch in 2021 — University administrators have been solidifying relationships with prospective donors and identifying intersections between the University’s needs and donors’ interests, according to Vice President for Development Joan O’Neill.

Salovey has a tough act to follow. In the last capital campaign, the University raised a record $3.88 billion, which many attributed to Levin’s clearly articulated vision.

“We earned their confidence from having succeeded in the early projects, like rebuilding the campus and improving our relationship with New Haven,” Levin explained. “That made it easier to convince people that [Yale] should move on to [its] next priorities. … It fit nicely to go global after having improved our local relations.”

But for Salovey, his campaign also comes on the heels of controversies that have thus far defined his presidency.

The News surveyed all 1,301 individuals listed in the Alumni Leaders Directory — which includes Yale Club officers, class officers, regional directors and reunion chairs — and gathered responses from almost 250 alumni. The survey results suggested that alumni are less willing to donate to Yale compared to the early 2000s. According to the survey, 24.5 percent of the respondents believe that alumni are “unenthusiastic” to donate compared to the 2000s, while 7.5 percent believe that they are “very unenthusiastic.” On the other hand, only 12.9 percent and 5.8 percent of the respondents said alumni are “enthusiastic” and “very enthusiastic” to donate, respectively. The remaining 49.4 percent of alumni said they “don’t know” how enthusiastic alumni are. to donate compared to the 2000’s.

Yale Daily News

At Yale, ‘Diversity’ Means More of the Same

By Heather Mac Donald

A 2018 dispute between two students prompts yet another expansion of the massive bureaucracy.

April 23, 2019 6:36 p.m. ET

Yale President Peter Salovey announced a major expansion of the school’s diversity bureaucracy this month, providing a case study in how not to lead a respected institution of higher education.

The pretext for this latest accretion of bureaucratic bloat was a May 2018 incident in a graduate student dorm. Sarah Braasch, a 43-year-old doctoral candidate in philosophy, called campus police at 1:40 a.m. to report someone sleeping in a common room, which she believed was against dorm rules. Yale administrators knew Ms. Braasch had psychological problems and that she had a history of bad blood with the sleeping student, Lolade Siyonbola, a 35-year-old doctoral candidate in African studies. But because Ms. Braasch is white and Ms. Siyonbola is black, the administration chose to turn the incident into a symbol of what Mr. Salovey called the university’s “discrimination and racism.”

Yale leaders immediately announced a slew of new initiatives: “implicit bias” training for graduate students, grad-school staff and campus police; instruction in how to run “inclusive classrooms”; “community building” sessions; a student retreat to develop the next phase of equity and inclusion programming. Despite this flurry of corrective measures, Kimberly M. Goff-Crews, Yale’s secretary and vice president for student life, ominously declared there was still “much more to do.”

Ben Franklin Who?

Ben Franklin Who?

Most Americans can’t pass the civics test required of immigrants.

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The Editorial Board

Oct. 3, 2018 7:18 p.m. ET

These days it’s popular to lament that immigrants are destroying America’s national identity, but maybe we’re getting it backward. When the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation recently put questions from the U.S. Citizenship Test to American citizens, only one in three could pass the multiple choice test.

It’s embarrassing. According to the foundation, only 13% of Americans knew when the Constitution was ratified, and 60% didn’t know which countries the United States fought in World War II. Most couldn’t correctly identify the 13 original colonies, which at least is something of a teaser. But only 24% could identify something that Ben Franklin was famous for, and 37% thought it was for inventing the light bulb.

Even with a highly contested Supreme Court nomination now in play in the Senate, 57% of Americans couldn’t say how many Justices are on the Court. Older Americans did much better than younger Americans—only 19% of the under-45 crowd passed—which probably reflects the declining state of American public schools. None of this augurs well for the future of self-government.

We’ve always thought it important that immigrants must pass a test on the basics of American history and civics before they can be sworn in as citizens. Immigrants who are motivated to become citizens will take the time to learn. The real threat to American freedom is the failure of current citizens to learn even the most basic facts about U.S. history and government.

Appeared in the October 4, 2018, print edition WSJ

 

I’m Running to Restore Yale Values

My alma mater provides comfort to student mobs, and half the faculty back ‘trigger warnings.’

Silliman College at Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Silliman College at Yale University, New Haven, Conn. Photo: Jon Bilous/Alamy

I love Yale. It’s where I pursued a passion for sketch comedy, started writing a newspaper column, came out of the closet, and gained the critical-thinking skills that equipped me for a career in journalism. But recent events leave me worried that my alma mater is changing for the worse.

A sign that something had gone terribly wrong came in October 2015, when a viral internet video revealed a student mob shrieking at Nicholas Christakis, then master of Yale’s largest residential college. That these students were treating a professor with such disrespect was bad enough, but the impetus for their outrage was an innocuous email written by his wife, fellow professor Erika Christakis, doubting Yale needed to warn students about “appropriate Halloween wear.” Yale’s failure to stand up for the Christakises—he stepped down as master, she left the university—left me ashamed. When the university rewarded two of the mob’s leaders with a prestigious prize, something was deeply amiss.

Further developments have only confirmed my worries. Yale ditched the title “master” on the ludicrous grounds that it is racist; a survey finds half the faculty approves of “trigger warnings” for readings and classroom discussions, and the number of campus administrators continues to swell while the cost of attending has increased to $70,000 a year.

To reverse these worrying trends I have decided to mount a petition campaign to join Yale’s Board of Trustees.

Yale instilled in me the two basic values that guide me as a writer: freedom of expression and the pursuit of knowledge. I have traveled to many countries where people are physically attacked or imprisoned for speaking their minds. That taught me never to take America’s freedoms for granted.

The 1974 Woodward Report, Yale’s policy on free expression, notes: “The history of intellectual growth and discovery clearly demonstrates the need for unfettered freedom, the right to think the unthinkable, discuss the unmentionable, and challenge the unchallengeable.”

A worthy aspiration, but recent events have tested Yale’s commitment to it. The Foundation for Individual Rights in Education gives Yale a yellow-light speech-code rating.

As a trustee, I will advocate that every incoming freshman be sent a copy of the Woodward Report. Yale’s president and dean should also issue an annual statement modeled on the excellent letter sent by the University of Chicago’s dean of students, Jay Ellison, to that school’s freshman class. “Our commitment to academic freedom,” he wrote, “means that we do not support so-called ‘trigger warnings,’ we do not cancel invited speakers because their topics might prove controversial, and we do not condone the creation of intellectual ‘safe spaces’ where individuals can retreat from ideas and perspectives at odds with their own.”

A decade before the publication of the report bearing his name, historian C. Vann Woodward warned that “the University is in danger of sacrificing principle to expediency.” If elected trustee, I promise never to sacrifice free speech, academic excellence or the pursuit of knowledge on the altar of fashionable opinion.

Mr. Kirchick, a journalist, is a 2006 graduate of Yale College.

If you wish to support this petition candidate, he will need 4,266 alumni signatures to get on the ballot. Signatures of qualified electors, accompanied by their name, degree, class year, and Yale affiliation, may be sent electronically to secretary.office@yale.edu or by U.S. mail to the following address:

Alumni Fellow Election
Office of the Secretary
Yale University
P.O. Box 208230
New Haven, CT 06520-8230

Yale University teaches students counternarratives around ‘whiteness’

www.thecollegefix.com

Course looks at ‘whiteness’ as ‘culturally constructed and economically incorporated entity’

Yale University is offering a course this semester which aims to help students understand and counteract “whiteness,” exploring such topics as “white imagination,” “white property” and “white speech.”

According to the syllabus for “Constructions of Whiteness” obtained by The College Fix, the English course is an “interdisciplinary approach to examining our understanding of whiteness.”

The class, which is apparently being offered for the first time this semester, discusses “whiteness as a culturally constructed and economically incorporated entity, which touches upon and assigns value to nearly every aspect of American life and culture.”

The goal of the class is to “create a lab for the construction of counternarratives around whiteness in any creative form: play, poem, memoir, etc.,” states the syllabus.

Taught by Professor Claudia Rankine, the class is divided into eight topics: Constructions of Whiteness, White Property, White Masculinity, White Femininity, White Speech, White Prosperity, White Spaces and White Imagination, according to the syllabus.

Students in the course are asked to read books such as Michael Kimmel’s “Angry White Men: American Masculinity at the End of an Era,” Richard Dyer’s “White: Essays on Race and Culture,” and Richard Delgado’s and Jean Stefanic’s “Critical White Studies: Looking Behind the Mirror.”

Other required readings include Hazel Carby’s “White Woman, Listen!,” Juliana Spahr’s “My White Feminism” and Professor Rankine’s own work, “The White Card.”

Rankine did not respond to multiple requests for comment from The College Fix.

The Fix also reached out to the chair of the English department, Langdon Hammer, and professor of English & African American studies Jacqueline Goldsby. Neither responded.

Outside of Yale, Rankine is active in the theater community. Her play “The White Card” is being produced at Boston’s Emerson Paramount Center. The play, which centers around “a conversation at a dinner party,” focuses on the question: “Can American society progress if whiteness stays invisible?”

Classes like “Constructions of Whiteness” are not unique to Yale. A controversial course titled “The Problem of Whiteness” is currently offered this semester at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Meanwhile, Stanford University offered a class in the fall called “White Identity Politics,” during which students discuss the “possibilities of…abolishing whiteness.”

At the University of Michigan last December, meanwhile, a workshop taught white employees how to address the “discomfort” of being white, instructing participants how to “recognize the difficulties they face when talking about social justice issues related to their White identity, explore this discomfort, and devise ways to work through it.”

Yale’s Poor Little Lambs Who Lost Their Way Find a Ewe

The Whiffenpoofs, an all-male a cappella singing group, admits a woman; the gentleman songsters call themselves ‘lower-voiced,’ not ‘all-male’

In 2009, the all-male Yale University Whiffenpoofs performed at the First Congregational Church of Old Lyme in Connecticut. On Tuesday, the a cappella group admitted its first female singer, Sofia Campoamor.
In 2009, the all-male Yale University Whiffenpoofs performed at the First Congregational Church of Old Lyme in Connecticut. On Tuesday, the a cappella group admitted its first female singer, Sofia Campoamor. PHOTO: FRED BECKHAM/ASSOCIATED PRESS

More than a century of tradition changed at Yale University on Tuesday.

The Whiffenpoofs, the senior a cappella group, admitted its first female singer. Sofia Campoamor was picked to be one of the 14 new members of the Whiffs’ Class of 2019.

“I’m really excited,” said Ms. Campoamor, a 20-year-old junior from Washington, D.C. “To me the overall goal is to change the conversation around senior a cappella to one that is not about gender, but about music.”

She expects to join as a tenor, and the group doesn’t anticipate changing its repertoire to include her. For her audition, she sang a solo of Sara Bareilles ’ “Manhattan.”

Founded in 1909, the Whiffenpoofs bills itself as the oldest collegiate a cappella group in the U.S. The Whiffs and an all-female senior group, Whim ‘n Rhythm, announced on Feb. 1 that they would consider auditions from all singers in the junior class. Tapping women for the Whiffs has been debated on campus for years.

In a joint statement, the groups said they sought to be more inclusive. “Both Whim ‘n Rhythm and the Whiffenpoofs acknowledge the transgender, gender nonbinary, and nonconforming members in our community, and understand that they feel unseen within the current paradigm of ‘all-male’ versus ‘all-female’ senior a cappella.”

Kenyon Duncan, the pitchpipe of the Whiffs, said his group got a lot of support and “positive vibes” for its decision to call itself “lower-voiced’’ rather than an all-male. He said about 40 juniors auditioned this month, and their gender wasn’t tracked.

The debate about gender and inclusion has been occurring on campuses nationwide. In December, Harvard University announced it was forging ahead with its long-debated plan to bar members of unsanctioned single-gender social groups from leadership positions in campus organizations, and from receiving formal endorsements for prestigious awards such as the Rhodes Scholarship.

Bob Redpath’s Impressive Compilation of Y’54 Published Contributions

This remarkable two volume set is available for purchase now for $49.  Make check payable to Lexington Graphics and mail to:

Kim Lamberson
RSR Partners
600 Steamboat Rd.
Greenwich, CT  06830-7181

Checks must be received by February 1, 2018 to qualify for group discount.  Orders placed later will require payment of $65.00.

 

INTRODUCTION, ANALYSIS, AND COMMENTARY by Bob Redpath

 

INTRODUCTION

The architectural footprints of the Class of 1954 stride from downtown New Haven to the Yale campus, to the Yale Bowl and its surrounds, and out as far as Derby[1]: buildings which serve as visible reminders of the unparalleled financial contributions of our class to Yale. However, there are also less visible contributions to Yale: our published contributions. These two volumes include the lists of publications of two hundred and sixty-seven members of the Class of 1954, published during the sixty-three years since our graduation in 1954.

Yale gets credit for honing our writing skills, whether in Daily Themes, or under the stern tutelage of a history professor who restricted our term papers to just two pages, double-spaced, or by staying up until 2 a.m. to put the OCD[2] to bed. And, perhaps, our experiences on Science Hill provided us with the research-encouraging environment that inspired us to carry out medical research that strived to alleviate human suffering and scientific research leading to the discovery of the origin of the universe.  Perhaps the vexed town-gown relationships during our Yale years inspired some of us to go into politics or the social sciences. Perhaps singing in one of the many octets for which Yale is famous inspired us to create a folk song record. Perhaps seeing Broadway premieres at the Shubert inspired us to go into entertainment. These few examples do not exhaust all the influences of our Yale experiences.

So, thank you, Yale, for your gifts to us. In return, herein are our published contributions to scientific knowledge, the business world, politics, religion, philosophy, English and American literature, to history, to entertainment, to our families, to ourselves and, yes, contributions to Yale; for what we have published reflects well on our education during our bright college years of 1950-1954.

Inspiration for the project

 The inspiration for this project took place in Pierson College during our 60th Reunion when Mike Stanley handed out copies of his poetry book [3] and Dick Hiers, Russ Reynolds, and I thought it would be a good idea to compile the lists of publications since graduation of the members of the Class of 1954. Joe Reed had compiled a list of publications by classmates in his article in the 25th Reunion Year Book[4], but there had been no attempt to bring this up to date. Joe’s lists are incorporated in these two volumes.


At a meeting on November 19, 2015, the Class Council unanimously voted to approve and finance the project; the aim was to collect the lists of publications of classmates with the intention of compiling the lists in a volume (or volumes) to be placed in the Class of 1954 file in the Sterling Memorial Library. I, an amateur in matters of bibliography, perhaps too rashly agreed to head the project and to be Chairman of the Publications Committee. Carl Shedd, with his inestimable experience in publications for our class[5], agreed to be on the committee.

Carl encouraged me to invest in a copy of The Chicago Manual of Style[6]. “It’s all in there,” he said.  All too true. Two years later I realize that creating a bibliography is a professional skill, made more demanding because bibliographic styles differ between professions. This accounts for the variety of bibliographic styles in these volumes.

Definition of ‘publication’

We did not formally define publication at the outset but wanted to be as all-inclusive as possible. An operational definition evolved during the course of the project and included the following: books already published and books about to be published; self-published books and articles; articles in journals; articles in newspapers; letters to editors; op-eds; maps: research reports; conference papers; musical compositions; records; cd’s; videos;  movies; television series; art objects; and patents. We tried, not always successfully, to exclude book reviews and abstracts.

Mass mailing

In December 2015, a letter signed by Russ Reynolds and myself, was sent out in a mass mailing by the Alumni Office to all living members of the Class of 1954. Classmates were asked to send their lists of publications to Kim Lambertson, Russ’s personal assistant. Classmates were not asked to conform to a particular style of presentation, as this might lower response.[7]

Kim monitored response to the mass mailing. By the time she left the project in March 2016, eighty classmates had either sent in their lists or promised to do so. We had no idea of how many classmates had published and hence did not know whether this was a good response. However, it was likely that there were many more classmates who had not responded.  This was for the next stage. At this point, Anne W. Semmes, a feature writer, joined me as co-editor.

 Internet research

The top priority was to contact the widows of our deceased classmate who had not been contacted by the mass mailing. The Alumni Office provided us with a list of widows. Most widows who we contacted were very appreciative of the project and felt that their husbands would be pleased to know that they were being commemorated in this way;  but, with two notable exceptions[8], most widows were not able to provide lists of their husbands’ publications.


At this point, we might have decided to cut our losses and call a halt to the project. However, by chance, Melissa Gasparotto, a Rutgers University librarian, recommended the website worldcat.org. as a research source. My son, Ian, a research psychologist,  suggested Google Scholar as another source. These two sources opened up the possibility of extending the project further by research through the internet.

Using these two sources we searched the internet for publications for every classmate in Friendships the Yale Class of 1954 our Fiftieth Reunion. This resulted in one hundred and eighty- seven additional lists.

Table 1 below shows the response rates for the different stages.

Table 1 Response rates Nos. %
Response to mass mailing 80 30
Lists obtained by internet research
     Deceased 97 36
     Non-respondents to mass mailing 90 34
     Subtotal (Internet research) 187 70
Grand total 267 100

List of publications were obtained for two hundred and sixty-seven classmates. [9] Eighty classmates (30%) responded to the mass mailing. One hundred and eighty-seven lists (70%) were constructed by internet research.  Of these, there were ninety-seven deceased classmates and ninety classmates who had not responded to the mass mailing It was often possible to contact the latter group who then confirmed their lists. However, this was not possible in all cases.  Therefore, there may be errors which come to light, necessitating additions or corrections.

ANALYSIS

One of the aims of this project has been to try to achieve one hundred percent coverage of all publications by all classmates who have published at least one publication since we graduated.   It would be rash to claim that this has been totally achieved; it is absolutely predictable that some classmates have been omitted, not purposely, of course. Even so, the coverage goes beyond those who replied to the mass mailing and also is not limited to lists of books published. Because the coverage is almost one hundred per cent of all publications by our class, it was thought that dividing publications by subject area might reveal different publications patterns for different subjects.

Publications were allocated to nineteen sections, based on the subject area of the publication. Additionally, there are three sections which relate to outside interests: Family History; Second Careers/Hobbies, and Yale. The Yale section (20) includes essays by classmates taken from the 50th and 60th Reunion books by Carl Shedd.[10]

Table 2 Percentage distribution of publications by subject, ranked in descending order according to the total number of publications, with numbers of contributors added

Section subject (contributors) No. of publications % of total
Medicine (51) 2705 34
Sciences  (22) 1538 19
Subtotal Medicine, Sciences (73)  4243 53
Government  (17) 721 9
Journalism and Writing (19) 513 6
Music  (6)[11] 386 5
Law  (23) 321 4
Philosophy and Religion  (13) 302 4
Social Sciences  (10)  218 3
English and American literature (8) 210 3
History  (11)   186  2
Engineering  (11) 160 2
Entertainment  (8) 127 2
Architecture, City Planning, Landscape Architecture  (12) 117 1
Education  (6) 98 1
Other cultures, languages  (3) 92 1
Actuarial science, computer science, mathematics, statistics  (8) 81 1
Second careers, hobbies  (20) 56 1
Yale  (27) 51 *
Business (excluding Finance)  (12) 38 *
Family History  (10) 23 *
Publishing  (3) 19 *
Finance  (9) 16 *
Total contributors (309)[12] 7978 100
  • Less than 1%. 

 

Table 2 shows the numbers of publications per section subject, ranked in descending order. The number of contributors is included in parentheses. The most notable feature is that Medicine (34%) and Sciences (19%) account for fifty-three percent of total publications (7978); even though the number of contributors (Medicine, 51; Scientists, 22) represents only twenty-four percent of all contributors (309). This suggests that doctors and scientists publish more than other professions; however, the general impression when compiling the lists was that doctors and scientists published more often by articles than by books. This is illustrated in Table 3.

Table 3 Percentage of articles and the percentage of books in each section, ranked in descending order according to the proportion of articles

Section subject % articles % books Total nos. (=100%)
Medicine 96 4 2,705.
Sciences 95 5 1538
Music 94 6 386
Government 92 8 721
Entertainment 88 12 127
Social Sciences 87 13 218
Education 83 17 98
Architecture, City

Planning, Landscape

Architecture

82 18 117
Law 80 20 321
Philosophy/Religion 77 23 302
Other cultures,

Languages

71 29 92
English and American

Literature

70 30 210
Actuarial Science, Computer Science,

Mathematics, Statistics

70 30 81
Engineering 69 31 160
Journalism/Writing 69 31 513
Finance 69 31 16
Business (excluding

Finance)

68 32 38
History 55 45 186
Publishing 53 47 19

Published contributions were mainly by articles rather than by books, regardless of subject. Doctors and scientists showed the highest proportions (96% and 95%) who communicated by articles, followed by music (94%) and government (92%). At the other end of the spectrum, historians and publishers published the lowest proportions of articles (55% and 53%). In between these extremes, there was a range of between eighty-eight and sixty-eight percent proportions of total publications accounted for by articles.


[1] Smilow Cancer Hospital (named after Joel Smilow, a key donor), Class of 1954 Chemistry Research Building, Class of 1954 Environmental Science Center (both buildings financed by the extraordinary growth of the 1954 50th reunion fund—due in large part to Dick Gilder’s insistence on our managing our own reunion gift funds), two colleges donated by Charlie Johnson (Benjamin Franklin College, Pauli Murray College), Yale Bowl Class of 1954 Field (donated by Charlie Johnson), Smilow 1954 Sky box, Smilow Field Center, Jensen Plaza (donated by Irving Jensen and his family), Gilder Boathouse (donated by Dick Gilder). 

(2) Oldest College Daily -Yale Daily News.

(3)“This Trip I’m On.” Self-published contact Mike Stanley (mstanley12@gmail.com).

(4) Reed, Joseph. “A Bibliographic Check List of Writings of the Class of 1954 which had been published by 1979, the year of the twenty-fifth anniversary of its graduation. In The Yale Class of ’54 25th Reunion Year Book. Pp. 229-240.

(5)Carl’s contributions were: Friendships The Yale Class of 1954 Our Fiftieth Reunion (2004); Our 60th. Bring it on! (2014); and Our Sixtieth Yale 1954 Reunion Highlights (2014).

(6)Chicago, IL and London: The University of Chicago Press.

(7)Nor were they asked to submit their lists in Word, a mistake on our part.

(8)Nancy Loeffler and Meredith Grider (See Thanks and Acknowledgments).

(9)This is twenty-nine percent of our graduating class of nine hundred and twenty-three.

(10)Friendships The Yale Class of 1954 Our Fiftieth Reunion; Our 60th. Bring It On! Yale 1954 Class Directory Sixtieth Reunion; and Our 60th New Records Set! Yale 1954 Sixtieth Reunion Highlights.

(11)These are musical compositions, not articles per se.

(12) The total number of contributors (309) exceeds the total number of respondents (267) because some classmates contributed to more than one subject area. I have not shown the average numbers of publications per contributor per subject because the averages would be inflated by the impressively large lists of publications of Spaeth (Medicine); Willis (Physics); Lucier (Music); and Thornburgh (Government). Median number of publications per contributor per subject area would be the appropriate measure. However,  if these four outliers are eliminated, scientists and doctors still show the highest rates of publication with, on average, forty-three and forty publications during their careers.


COMMENTARY

The remainder is a section-by-section commentary on individual contributions within each section, following the order in Table 3.

Medicine

Associate professor Dr. Cecil (Pete) Coggins confirms that articles by doctors were typically short in length, produced often, and were aimed to inform research colleagues about progress in research: “The articles say, in effect, this is what we’re doing and this is where we’re at in our research.” Dr.  Harold (Hal) Douglass says, “We don’t just write about what we’re doing right; we also wrote about what didn’t work.” Dr. Alan Toole, when asked what gave him most satisfaction, says “It’s all about research.”

Coggins also confirms that there was a predilection to research due to the encouragement that existed during his undergraduate pre-med years. “Yale is a Research University, in the group of universities in the country with the highest research activity.  All the up-to-date research was available to us during our pre-med course.”

So, there is likely to be a link between the encouragement that pre-med majors in our class received to carry out medical research during their undergraduate years and the research they carried out during their careers, as indicated in the numbers of doctors who published, witness their lists. The lists in Section 21 typify a high intensity communication network of  short articles which appear frequently,  contain arcane terminology meant for other specialist in their field, and report research progress.[13]

Sciences

Table 3 showed that ninety-five percent of the publications of scientists were through articles; and it is highly likely that communication between scientists is similar to that between doctors,  i.e., through short, frequent articles informing colleagues about in one’s specialism about research progress.

There is a wide variety of specialisms in the Sciences section: Kenneth Bick and Andrew Spieker were geologists; Thomas Briggs carried out chemical research; Edward Donnellan and Donald Eagle were medical physicists; John Drake specialized in molecular genetics.

 Malcolm Forbes eventually became  Vice President for Academic Affairs in two institutions, but also contributed two articles for The Journal of the Chemical Society. Malcolm Specht carried out aerial photographic research for Eastman Kodak; Russell Voisin was Vice President of the World Atlas Division at Rand McNally.

The academic world was well represented with professorships as follows: Biology (John Miller and Norman Wessells); Chemistry (Frank Mallory; Robert McWade, and Edmund Weaver) Natural History (Peter Robinson) Physics (Frank Kolp and William Willis); and Science (Richard Novick).

The list of Professor William (Bill) Willis runs to six hundred and thirty-eight articles, which among other areas, chart the progress leading to the discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider. The Columbia obituary for Professor William (Bill) Willis described him as a towering presence in the development of particle physics and instrumental in the discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider. Between 1964 and 1973 he was a member of the Yale faculty.

Peter Roll was a member of a team of physicists at Princeton University that published an article “Cosmic Black-Body Radiation” which explained the origins of the universe and which had more citations (982) that any other article in this project. Peter explained that anyone writing about the origins of the universe is bound to quote this article—hence the large number of citations.

Robert Mercer was a research science consultant who specialized in geoastronomical observations, i.e. orbital science photography. His articles refer to observations on the Apollo 14 and Apollo 16 flights.


[(13)] The following are the specialisms which were identified: allergist (Hadley); cardiologist (Shelburne); cardiac surgeon (Matloff and Toole),case management  (Steinberg),cytogeneticist (Gromults), dentist (Joy); dermatologist (Burnett, Kindell); emergency and outpatient services (Pendagast); endocrinologist (Bransome); hand surgeon (Sandzen); hematologist/pathologist (Cornwell and Jenkins); infectious diseases (Jacoby and Kislak); internal medicine (Barbee and Galton) US Naval Medical Corps (Flynn), nephrologist (Coggins, Roberts); neurologist (Blankfein, Marcus and Swanson); neurosurgeon (Landau), obstetrician (Hawkinson), oncologist (Snyder and Sweedler); ophthalmologist (Jarrett and Spaeth); otologist (Gallagher); pathologist (James and Jones); pediatrician (Cooper and Phillips); pediatric radiologist (Pritzger) plastic surgeon (Foerster, Stanley); psychiatrist (Seides); radiologist (Radcliffe); stroke/trauma and neurodegenerative disorders (Walker); surgeon (Saltzstein, Slanetz, and Tracey); surgical; oncologist (Douglass).


Music

Walter Farrier composed choral and vocal compositions, mainly sacred, as well as service music compositions and arrangements. He also arranged liturgical music for instruments, and often  crossed the divide between liturgical and secular music, with arrangements such as “Fight, Bearcats Fight” (the Willamette University football song) “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy,” “Life is Just a Bowl” and “Ditty for Decrepit Duke’s Men” (for Yale Duke’s Men reunions).

Dick Gregory composed “Risela’s Choice (a one act operetta), “Artemis Undone” (one act opera buffa), “The Bourgeois Gentleman,” “The Wyfe,” a two-act musical comedy based on Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, as well as numerous sacred and secular choral works, some of which have not been performed.

Alfred Loeffler wrote a wide range of original compositions, including a number of sonatas for strings and piano. What caught the eye was Love’s Labour’s Lost –an Opera in Three Acts; The

Rules for Courtly Love, and Appalachian Melodies compositions. Al’s wife, Nancy, is still involved with Avera Music Press, where Al’s compositions can be obtained.

Alvin Lucier wrote a textbook for his course, Music 109 at Wesleyan University: Music 109: Notes on Experimental Music, which probably serves as the best background for his impressive list of publications of experimental music. The titles alone rouse one’s curiosity about the sounds produced by an extraordinary variety of instruments.  The list makes a good read.

Mason Martens specialized in choral arrangements of liturgical music, as well as an arrangement of Vivaldi’s Gloria.

Peter Roll, physicist, whose publication about the origin of the universe (see Section 21) appeared in the Sciences section, made a career change from astronomical physics to the physics  of instrumental and human acoustics.

 Government

Michael (Mike)  Armstrong, Assistant District Attorney in charge the Securities Fraud Office in South Eastern District of New York, wrote about white collar conviction cases as well as They Wished They Were Honest; The Knapp Commission, and New York City Police.

 Bobo Dean specialized in Native American legal issues and helped develop a tribal code of law for the Mississippi band of the Choctaw Indians. Bobo also wrote about contracting under Title 1 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.

John (Jerry) Hawke worked for a private law firm and then was talent-spotted to become US Under-Secretary of the Treasury from 1995 – 1998, followed by becoming Comptroller of the Currency from 1998 to 2004. His articles cover a wide range of monetary issues: banking expansion. Bank secrecy, bank regulation, the impact of the electronic age on banking.

Philip (Phil) Heymann (see also Law) wrote an essay in Friendships entitled “Pleasures in Public Service: Sometimes Chance and Luck Help.” about his experiences working in the government  under mentors like Archie Cox at Justice and Nicholas Katzenbach at State and  heading up the Criminal Division in the Carter administration.

Jay Janis, a former under-secretary of the Department of Urban Development in the Carter Administration, wrote about model cities and meeting the national housing goal. His papers are included in the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum.

James Kirkham was seconded from his private practice to head up the Commission on Violence in Washington after the assassination of Robert Kennedy; his report, Assassination and Political Violence: A Report to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, in 1970 was later made available in a book published by Chelsea House (1983).

William Kitzmiller, former Staff Director of the House of Representatives Energy and Commerce Committee, wrote two books: Citizen Action, Vital Force for Change and Environment and The Law: Ecocide and Thoughts Toward Survival.

Robert (Bob) Martin’s list includes an article about the Foreign Service (FS) as a career and also an interview with him about his varied career in the FS, which is  lodged in the Foreign Service Oral History section of the  Library of Congress.

Kenneth (Ken) McDonald was Chief Historian of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1981 to 1995. He was editor of CIA Cold War Records Series, was co-author (with Michael Warner) of US Intelligence Community Reform Studies Since 1947, and  co-author (with Michael Herman and Vojtech Mastny) of Did Intelligence Matter in the Cold War?

Richard Murphy served as a legislative assistant to Hugh Scott, Senator of Pennsylvania and also was a lobbyist. He wrote two articles, one about lobbies as an information source for Congress and the other about Ukraine’s eight years of independent statehood.

Edward O’Brien, secretary to Governor Foster Furculo (MA), was the editor of Public Addresses and Messages of Governor Foster Furculo.

Michael (Mike) Pertschuk was Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission (1964-1977) and then became Commissioner from 1977-1984, His publications during these two periods include statements before various Congressional committees, including his special cause, increasing trade regulation of advertising to children, a cause he admitted he did not win. In 1984, Mike left governmental service to become the founder of an advocacy institute.[14] Thereafter, his books include Revolt Against Regulation: The Rise and Pause of the Consumer Movement (1982); Giant Killers (1986); Smoke in their Eyes: Lessons in Movement Leadership from the Tobacco Wars (2001); The DeMarco Factor: Transforming Public Will into Political Power (2010); and most recently, When the Senate Worked for Us: The Invisible Role of Staff in Countering Corporate Lobbies. (2017)

Robert (Bob) Redpath, a Principal Social Survey Officer in the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys of the UK government, specialized in household budget and food consumption surveys for the United Kingdom.  He also carried out surveys to estimate demand for higher education and mature students’ expenditure patterns in England and Wales. Results appeared in governmental reports published by Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

.Kirk Rodgers, former director of Sustainable Development and Environment for the Organization of American States, wrote Economic and Social Integration of Central Peru, Survey for the Development of the Guayas River Basin of Ecuador, as well as a number of articles about concepts of environmental management in Latin America.

Richard (Dick) Thornburgh had a long and distinguished career in governmental service: as Governor of Pennsylvania (1979-1987); United States Attorney General (1988-1992), and Under-Secretary of the United Nations (1992-1993). His list, taken from the archive in his name at the University of Pittsburgh, comprises four hundred and fourteen publications, fifty-eight percent of the publications in the Government section. Dick recommends his autobiography, Where the Evidence Leads, as the best source for anyone interested in reading about his career.

Malcolm (Mal) Wallop was a rancher, was related to British aristocracy, and was Senator for Wyoming for three terms (1977-1995). He was also founder of Frontiers for Freedom, based in Fairfax, VA; the papers written for Frontiers for Freedom can be obtained by contacting that organization. The full collection of Mal’s papers are archived in the American Heritage Center at the University of Wyoming.  The main source of his papers, written over thirty-two years, is in Malcolm Wallop Papers, 1965-1997. His range of interests (environment, child poverty, defense,  arms control, centralization of power, etc.) is reflected in his list of publications. He co-authored The Arms Control Delusion.


(14) Advocacy Institute and Smoking Control Advocacy Resource Center.


 Entertainment

 Robert (Bob) Bryan’s list is of the marvelous Bert and I publications he and Marshall Dodge created, which, it is rumored, earned Bryan enough money to buy a sea plane before we graduated.

Charles (Bill) Day was a part-time toastmaster whose publications appeared in the Congressional Record. He wrote an article for the Reader’s Digest entitled “Be Different-Get Ahead,” and wrote a book called The Pretorius Stories: The Adventures of a Brainy Teen Turned Mad Student.

George Eustis’ son, Evan, wrote to say that he had arranged for GLP Records to issue “George Eustis Sings Again.” Would we be interested?” Evan sent me a CD which will be lodged with these volumes in the Sterling Library.

Franklin Konigsberg, president and owner of Konigsberg Film and Production Company, contributes a list of seventy-four movies, tv movies (eg. Onassis: the richest man in the world; Rock Hudson; Charles and Diana: Unhappily Ever After) tv specials (e.g. Bing Crosby’s Merrie Olde Christmas; Gene Kelly: An American in Pasadena) and the tv miniseries (eg. Ben Hur, Ellis Island).

Sherman (Sherm) Magidson, was a top criminal defense lawyer who appeared before the Supreme Court (see Law), but  also found time to  moonlight as the writer of daytime television dramas such as The Young and Restless.

Lewis (Bo) Polk was President of MGM from 1968-1969 and picked Ryan’s Daughter as his favorite movie completed during his one year at MGM.  He has self-published a book of poems entitled “Boetry” and promises that in future he will publish his memoirs entitled “Sewing My Oats.”

Social Sciences

Hendon Chubb, before becoming a writer and designer of mezzotint carpets, was a clinical psychologist who specialized in family therapy. He wrote Family Therapy in an ecology of ideas.

Dan Claster, Professor of Sociology at Brooklyn College wrote Bad Guys and Good Guys:

Moral Polarization and Crime, which has been translated into other languages.

Edward Dodson, a senior scientist (economist), wrote Principles and Practices of Engineering Economics which is in its third edition.

The latest book of Karl Lamb, Professor of Political Science at the US Naval Academy, is The President as Constitutional Tragic Hero.  Karl has written thirteen books about the American political scene with other intriguing titles like Diogenes and IBM: The Search for a Rational Voter, and The People, Maybe.

George Lawrence was, at one time in his career, Professor of Psychology in Sarajevo. He was also a clinical psychologist who wrote an article about bio-feedback for performance enhancement in stress environments, and a book entitled EEG and Aircraft Pilot Performance for NATO.

Harry Miskimin, formerly Professor of Economics at Yale, was one of two professors in our class who spent their careers at Yale. (The other being Gaddis Smith.) Harry’s focus was on the economics of the Middle Ages; his books included Money, Prices and Foreign Exchange in Fourteenth-Century France; The Economy of Early Renaissance Europe, 1300-1460; The Economy of Later Renaissance Europe, 1460-1600; Money and Power in Fifteenth-Century France, Cash, Credit and Crisis in Europe, 1300-1600.

 William (Sandy) Muir was Professor of Political Science at the University of California Berkley during his career.  He contributed seven books: Defending “The Hill” Against Metal Houses; Prayer in the Public Schools; Law and Attitude Change; Police: Streetcorner Politicians;  Legislature: California’s School for Politics; The Bully Pulpit: The Presidential Leadership of Ronald Reagan; and Freedom in America. (I have read three of Sandy’s books and my view is that Police: Streetcorner Politicians is the most remarkable because Sandy spent several years of  participant observer fieldwork with  the police as a basis for the book,)

John Nevin, Professor of Psychology at the University of New Hampshire, was a behaviorist psychologist whose list includes a large number of articles about behavioral conditioning, with examples such as behavioral momentum and resistance to change, which appeared in The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning. His list also includes studies of reactions to stimulus of animals and his most recent articles include titles like “Conflict, cooperation and peace: a psychological approach,” “Retaliating against Terrorists: erratum, reanalysis, and update,” and “The power of cooperation,” which appeared in The Behavior Analyst.

Henry Schaefer, an economist, wrote Comecon and the Politics of Integration and Nuclear Arms Control: The Process of Developing Positions, the latter published by the National Defense University Press.

Ronald Sindberg was Director of Research for the Central Wisconsin Center for Developmentally Disabled. His books included: Research at Central Wisconsin Colony and Training School: the first decade, 1959-60 to 1969-70; Absence of Intervention Training

Programs: effects upon the severely and profoundly retarded: Part I; Selected cases of emotional and behavioral disturbance; and Research in Wisconsin, 1876-1975.

Education

 Guillermo del Olmo, a teacher in Venezuela, has been joint author of several books about foreign language proficiency tests for teachers and advanced students.

Warden Dilworth’s essay on his experiences of teaching at Roxbury Latin and Groton schools, which appeared in Friendships, is included here.

Nicholas Farnham, President of the Educational Leadership Program, was the co-editor with Adam Yarmolinsky of a book entitled Rethinking Liberal Education.

 Peter Mott, former Headmaster of St. Luke’s School in New Canaan, was the joint author with Penninah Neimark of The Environmental Debate: a Documentary History.

 William Posey, formerly interim headmaster and known as “First Master Teacher” at St. Andrews School in Boca Raton, FLA, wrote a book about the school: A History of Saint Andrews School; The First Thirty Years (1962-1992).

 James Raths, Professor Emeritus School of Education, University of Delaware, has written twelve books about teacher education, starting with The Superior Agent for Change in the Behavior of Teachers (1966). During the period 1984-1999, he with L. Katz, were editors of Advances in Teacher Education. His more recent books were: Taxonomy for learning and teaching (2001), Teacher Beliefs and Classroom Performance (2003) and Dispositions in Teacher Education. (2007).

Architecture, City Planning, Landscape Architecture, Land Conservation

James (Jim) Addiss, architect, has contributed two publications about Amiens Cathedral: “Plan and Space at Amiens Cathedral with a new plan drawn up by James Addiss;” and Notre Dame Cathedral of Amiens, an Orderly Vision: Sequenced Photographs (an exhibition at Columbia University Wallach Art Gallery). He has also produced a microfilm entitled Spatial Organization in Romanesque Church Architecture; and has contributed a chapter entitled “Measure and Proportion in Romanesque Architecture.” which appears in Ad Quantum: the Practical Application of Geometry in Medieval Architecture ed. Nancy Wu, Ashgate.

Richard Bolan, Professor Emeritus Planning and Public Affairs, Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs University of Minnesota has a forthcoming book to be entitled Urban Planning’s Philosophical Entanglements: The Rugged Dialectical Path from Knowledge to Action. His

earlier publications in the 1960’s concerned planning in the Boston area (A Program for Physical Planning for the Boston Metropolitan Area; Transportation planning in the Boston Metropolitan Area. Additional books were: Urban Planning and Politics (1974); The Dutch Retreat from the Welfare State and its Implications for Metropolitan Planning (for Amsterdam Study Centre for the Metropolitan Environment); and Building Institutional Capacity for Biodiversity and Rural Sustainability (for NATO Science Series).

Elmer Johnson contributed two books about plans for Chicago in the twenty-first century: Chicago Metropolis 2020: Preparing Metropolitan Change for the 21st Century; and Chicago Metropolis 2020: the Chicago Plan for the Twenty-First Century.

 Robert Kliment’s private architectural practice was partnered with his wife, Frances Halsband. Their works are summarized in their joint authorship of R.M. Kliment and Frances Halsband Architects: Selected and Current Works. (Series: The Master Architect Series III and Revised)

Robert Lemire wrote a book Creative Land Development: Bridge to the Future in 1979 and was also joint author to a book about the inventory of buildings constructed between 1919 and 1959 in Old Montreal and Saint Georges and Saint-Andre wards.

David McBrayer, Principal Professional in Parsons Brinckerhoff Associates has specialized in mass rapid light transport studies carried out both in the United States and abroad. One recent paper was entitled “Paying for Transportation: What would George Washington do?” Articles which reflect his overseas work are:  “Urban Transportation: Unclogging the Streets of Asia.”; “Reinventing Mass Transit: A Solution for Karachi.”; and “Tyneside-Wearside: the role of traffic restraint in transport planning for the 1980’s.” are examples of his work overseas.

James McNeely, architect, has a list of articles and reviews of architecture books.

Robert (Bob) Redpath includes research papers written for the Greater London Council, notably,  a study about Swinbrook, an impoverished area in Notting Hill, where architects and community leaders collaborated in the redevelopment  process without disrupting the community.

Edward Stone, planner and landscape architect, has contributed county land use plans for Brunswick County, Spring Lakes, and Dare County, all in North Carolina.

Edmund Thornton wrote two books, one, about an architectural tour of Ottawa, IL; and, the other, about preservation issues in Illinois.

Thomas Woodward’s essay, “Architecture goes global: joy in the work despite the pervasive impact of litigation”, which appeared in Friendships, is listed.

Richard Dillenbeck wrote an article about the European Investment Bank and an article about the shareholders suit in Mexican law.


Law

Albert Barclay was a part-time lecturer in the New Jersey Institute for Continuing Legal Education; his list comprises the seminar material for his course in estate planning, estate and inheritance returns and basic estate administration.

Walter Barnett was a lawyer who was program interpreter for Friends Committee on Legislation of California, a Quaker lobbying group. One of his publications was entitled Sexual Freedom and the Constitution: an inquiry into the constitutionality of repressive sex laws.

Dick Bell  has listed the articles about legal matters which he wrote about the time when he was managing director of his law firm in New Haven, but said he  enjoyed moving on to write about history which had always interested him (“The Court Martial of Roger Enos,” and “The Battle of Bahrein and Other Sea Stories.” and his books about fishing clubs on the Connecticut river. (See Bell; Second Careers)

Hugo Braun co-authored The Language of Real Estate in Michigan and then wrote what must have been viewed as an enlightened and politically correct thesis at MIT in 1985 entitled “MBA salaries:  do women earn as much as men?”

Dick Cravens, an attorney at law, wrote about duties and liabilities of bank directors.

Cameron DeVore (Cam) was senior partner of Davis Wright Tremaine in Seattle, a firm which he described as a national First Amendment practice which defended the media in the federal courts.[15] Cam was a joint author of Newsroom Legal Guidebook. He also, along with the American Advertising Federation as part of the National Gambling Impact and Policy Commission, wrote A First Amendment Analysis of Restrictions on Gambling Advertising.

Another publication was Fifty State Survey of the Law Governing Audio-Visual Coverage of Court Proceedings.

 Richard Dillenbeck wrote an article about the European Investment Bank and an article about the shareholders suit in Mexican law.

Edward (Ed) Dunkelberger developed his interest in federal regulatory and administrative law while at Covington Burling; he represented food-industry trade associations on food law issues and often these raised constitutional issues, as he says in his essay in Friendships. His list includes articles on the lawyer’s role in advising trade associations.  There is also a strong interest in federal/state relationships in relation to water quality standards and enforcing water pollution controls.

Bill (Skeeter) Ellis wrote Legal Guidelines for Christian Organizations.

Robert Ely wrote “The Prospects for a Federal Disaster Insurance Program.”[16]

Daniel Gibbens was a professor of law at the University of Oklahoma and was reporter on a committee investigating standards and procedures before trial.  He also wrote a report on the empirical investigation of effects of omnibus hearing on measures of efficiency and justice; and a textbook for continuing legal education on Oklahoma criminal procedure. He was joint author of an article about a report to the Tribal Council of the Cherokee nation and in another article asked the question, “Are we a Christian Nation? The US Supreme Court Response.”

 Philip (Phil) Heymann was James Barr Ames Professor at Harvard Law School. His three most recent books (out of eleven) have titles[17] which reflect one of the major concerns of our times, terrorism and how attempting to protect ourselves against terrorism affects our freedom and security.

Richard (Dick) Hiers simultaneously held professorships in two faculties at the University of Florida: Law and Religion.  His two most recent books reflect these combined interests: Justice and Compassion in Biblical Law (2009), and Rights in the Bible: Implications for Christian Ethics and Social Policy. (2012). Some, but not all, of his articles continue the theme of Biblical law.[18]  There are other articles about free speech for academics, for employees, for government employees, as well as academic freedom in public colleges and universities.

Gerald (Gerry) Kaufman wrote three articles about sentencing policy and overcrowding in prisons.

Sherman Magidson was joint author of Developments in Criminal Law, 1950-1960. His list includes four cases before the Supreme Court.

Decatur Miller wrote two articles for the Maryland Law Review.

Ralph Moore, a solo practicing lawyer, wrote a succession of books about legal right and hurdles for parents whose children had special needs.[19] He was joint author of Planning for Disability.

Thomas Moore refers to numerous law review articles, all of which were topical. He says: “ I wrote a paper on the line item veto for the first President Bush, at his request, but it went nowhere.” (But see Moore, Thomas Family History).

Roger Redden was chairman of a task force appointed by the Governor of Maryland which produced the Interim-Final Reports/Task Force on Permits Simplification.

Michael Temin was joint author of the Pennsylvania Ethics Handbook and  also, with the Pennsylvania Bar Institute, produced an audio tape Bankruptcy for the General Practitioner.

Quincy White wrote “Advertising agencies, their legal liability under the Federal Trade Commission Act.”

Mason Willrich, Director, California Clean Energy Fund and Chairman, Independent System Operator, has written eleven books about global politics of energy,[20] and also the global politics of nuclear power.[21] His most recent book, published in August this year, is Modernizing America’s Electricity Infrastructure. MIT Press.

 Kinvin Wroth, Dean of Vermont Law School, was co-editor of The Legal Papers of John Adams, published in 1968 and available on-line.  He was also editor-in-chief of Province in Rebellion: A documentary history of the founding of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and wrote a  number of articles about the American Revolution.[22] He was an expert witness for the United States on the history of admiralty law and English and American law in the colonial period, before the Special Master in United States v. Maine (Atlantic seabed title case).


(15)Friendships, pg.76,

(16)Timely? As I write, Houston is still flooded and Hurricane Irma, a Force Five hurricane is moving towards Florida.

(17) Laws, Outlaws and Terrorists; Preserving Liberty in an Age of Terror; Terrorism, Freedom and Security

(18) “Biblical Social Welfare Legislation;” “The Death Penalty and Due Process in Biblical Law;” “Transfer of Property by Inheritance and Bequest in Biblical Law and Tradition.”

(19)Hearing, Developmentally disabled; Epilepsy; Down Syndrome; Cerebral Palsy; Spina Bifida; Autism; Fragile X Syndrome.

(20)Energy and World Politics (1975), Administration of Energy Shortages: Natural Gas and Petroleum (1976);

(21)Non-proliferation treaty: framework for Nuclear Arms Control; Nuclear Proliferation: prospects for control;

Civil nuclear power and international security; Global Politics of Nuclear Energy; International Safeguards and Nuclear Industry; Nuclear Theft: risks and safeguards; SALT: The Moscow Agreements and Beyond.

(22)“The Boston Massacre”; “Documents of the Colonial Conflict: Sources for the legal history of the American Revolution.”

Philosophy and Religion

Ricardo Arias was a Professor of Philosophy and Religion at Florida International University. He wrote two articles for Presente, a Panama journal: “The intellectual and society in the Middle Ages and in modern times.” And “Philosophy of person: Maritain and Mounier.”, as well as “Towards a Christian view of politics was written for a Chilean journal, Mensaje.

Frederick Bannerot was an Episcopal priest and also associate rector of St. Matthew’s church in Charleston, WV.  He wrote about case studies in lay ministry, as well as a monograph on Dr. Samuel Johnson, both self-published.

Robert (Bob) Bryan, the founder chairman of the Quebec-Labrador Foundation, Ministry by Aircraft, wrote a book about his ministry by seaplane in Labrador The Flying Parson of Labrador and the Real Story behind Bert and I. (see also Bryan: Entertainment)

Guilford (Guil) Dudley, a Jungian psychoanalyst, has written two books about religion and myth: The Recovery of Christian Myth; Religion on Trial: and Mircea Eliade and his critics; He was also a contributor to Die Mitte der Welt.

George Frear was Professor of Religious Studies at St. Lawrence University.  As well as writing about Christian ethics,[23] he wrote about Native American culture in a book entitled Hunting and

Herding: Native Americans, the Bible and Animals and an article, “Iroquois Myths of Good and Evil.”

David Harned, Professor of Religious Studies at Louisiana State University, despite his concern that he had only written ten to twelve books over fifty years, republished two of his books (Mrs. Ghandi’s Guest-Growing Up With India and Patience- How Wait Upon the World) as recently as 2014 and 2015, respectively. His wife, Elaine, very helpfully provided his list of books and articles.

Father John Heidt wrote his D Phil thesis at Oxford about Henry Scott Holland and this turned into a book published by Oxford University Press in 1975: Holland, Henry Scott (1847-1918) Theologian and Social Reformer. He went on to write  Believe it or not: A Sceptic’s Guide to the Christian Faith  and a Faith for Sceptics. He was a contributor to Anglican and Catholic: An Anthology of Writings by Church Leaders in Defense of the True Faith. He was a joint author of Life after Death, which was published posthumously in 2013, four years after his death.

Richard (Dick) Hiers, Professor of Religion at the University of Florida, also simultaneously held a professorship in Law at the same institution. Dick’s first book was Jesus and Ethics. He has published in the Humanities Monograph Series.[24] He and Jonathan Weiss have republished Jesus’ Proclamation of the Kingdom of God in “Studies in Religious and Theological Scholarship.” He has also written two textbooks: Reading the Bible, Book by Book; and Trinity Guide to the Bible with Apocrypha. Dick has contributed a number of dictionary articles to Bible dictionaries.

Berel Lang has been visiting Professor of Philosophy and Letters at Wesleyan University since 2005. Ten[25] of his twenty-five books are about the Nazi genocide of the Jews. There are also a number of articles following the theme of genocide but also about Jewish identity, eg. “The Phenomenal/Noumenal Jew: Three Antinomies of Jewish Identity;” “Minorities in a Majority world;” “Heidegger’ s Silence and the Jewish Question;” “American Jewish Culture;” and more, like “Forgiveness in Jewish culture,” and “Why wasn’t there more resistance?” The term ‘genocide’ had been coined during our last years at high school; [26] Berel’s questions are questions that the world was asking itself in the post war period when what transpired in the Nazi death camps came to light; questions which the world still asks.

Robert (Bob) Redpath wrote about the sixteenth century origins of Unitarianism in Transylvania, as well as an article which compares Emerson’s philosophy of gift-giving with the gift exchanges described in Michel Mauss’ book, The Gift.

Walter Stuhr gave a seminar on Church Governance (Polity) in a Lutheran Church in Richmond, VA. His list includes the titles of fifteen articles about issues affecting the Lutheran Church, eg. “Black Power and the Church: on whose terms?” “Pornography: is it really harmless?” “Human sexuality and the Office of Ministry.” “The Public Style of the Ministry: Methodological considerations in a study of church and community.

Edward (Ned) Swigart left his teaching career at the Gunnery to found the Institute for American Indian Studies in Washington, CT. His book A White Man’s Journey to a Northeastern American Indian Faith records his spiritual assimilation and also reports the ethnology of the tribe he was accepted into.

W, Sibley (Sib) Towner, Professor of Biblical Interpretations at Union Theological Seminary, has written five books: The Rabbinic ‘Enumeration of Scriptural Examples;’ How God Dealt with Evil; Daniel. Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching; Genesis. Westminster Bible Companion; and The Gargoyle Speaks: Essays on the Life of Faith.[27]   

[1] “Biblical Authority in Modern Christian Political Ethics: a Study Contrasting Karl Barth and Helmut Thielicke on the subject”; “The need for an ongoing dimension in Christian Ethics;” “A Theological explanation of reproductive ethics;” “Biblical stimulus for ethical reflections.”

[1] The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Tradition; The Historical Jesus and the Kingdom of God.

[1] Act and Idea in the Nazi Genocide; The Future of the Holocaust: Between History and Ethics; Holocaust Representation: Post-Holocaust: Interpretations, Misinterpretation, and the Claims of History; Philosophical Witnessing: The Holocaust as Presence; Primo Levi: The Matter of a Life; Philosophy and the Holocaust; Writing and the Holocaust; The Holocaust: A Reader; The Act as Idea.

[1] The term ‘genocide’ was officially defined by the United Nations Assembly in 1946 and then acts of genocide were prohibited by the UN in January 1951, in spring term of our freshman year.

[1] Sib says, “Between Spring, 1990 and Spring, 2002 I contributed 34 installments of a humorous column called “The

 Other Cultures and Languages

Richard (Dick) Fagen was Professor of the Department of Political Science at Stanford University He wrote fifteen books about Central and South America and US policy.[28] His list includes several congressional testimonies he gave before U.S. Senate and U.S. Congress.

Pierre MacKay was Professor Emeritus of Classics, Near Eastern Languages, Civilization, and Comparative Literature at the University of Washington in Seattle.( see also Section 1) His books were entitled The Content and Authorship of the Historic Turchesca; and A Fifteenth Century Venetian’s Adventures in Ottoman Lands (co-authored with G.M Angioletto). As recently as 2014, Pierre wrote an article entitled “The Angioletto Manuscript and Other Contemporary Sources: Maps and Views of the Fortress of Negropont.” His last article appeared just before his death in 2015. “Spoken Greek in Seyahatname VIII” that appeared in Turkish Language, Literature, and History: Travellers’ Tales, Sultans and Scholars Since the Eight Century.

 Charles Townsend was Chairman of the Department of Slavic Languages at Princeton University.. His ten books were textbooks in learning Russian and Czech. He brought together the phonology of the Slavic languages in his book Common and Comparative Slavic: phonology and inflection: with special attention to Russian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian.

English and American Literature

Robert Casto was a University Professor at York University in Toronto, Canada. He was also a  poet and published A Strange and Fitful Land (poems), as well as two audio-books (Robert

Clayton Casto Reading His Poems with Comment in the Recording Laboratory; and The Growth Principle I Poetry. His poems are in the Archive of Recorded Poetry and Literature in the Library of Congress.

Donald Cheney is Professor Emeritus of English at the University of Massachusetts. Amherst, MA. His list of publications includes: Spenser’s Image of Nature: Wild Man and Shepherd in ‘The Faerie Queen;’ The Works of Elizabeth Jane Weston; The Early Modern Englishwoman: A Facsimile Library of Essential Works; Spenser’s Life and the Subject of Biography (co-author). He was senior co-editor of The Spenser Encyclopedia. In 1985, he and Thomas Bergin published a translated version of Boccaccio’s Il Filocolo.

Strother Purdy was Professor of English at Marquette University in Milwaukee, WI. His books included The Hole in the Fabric: Science, Contemporary Literature, and Henry James (1977), and his last two publications were Human Sexuality and “Varieties of Sexual Experience—Psychosexuality in Literature,” published in Contemporary Psychology. His articles were about Henry James, James Joyce, Kafka, Nabokov, and Gertrude Stein.

Joseph (Joe) Reed was Professor of English/American Studies at Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT His long list includes: English Biography in the Early Nineteenth Century, 1801-1838; Faulkner’s Narrative; Three American Originals: John Ford, William Faulkner, and Charles Ives;  Literary Revision: the Inexact Science of Getting It Right; Selected Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Period; Things: Walpole’s The Castle of Oranto: a Gothic Story with an Introduction by W.S. Lewis, Explanatory Notes and Note on the Text by Joseph W. Reed Jr; Barbara Bodichon’s American Diary, 1857-58   Joe, Wilmarth Lewis and Edwin Martz were the editors of Horace Walpole’s Correspondence: with the Walpole family (with W.S. Lewis), Working with Kazan (ed with J. Basinger and J. Frazer); Boswell, Laird of Auchinleck, 1778-1782 (with F. Pottle); Vol. X of the Private Papers of James Boswell, popular edition. The Business of Motion Pictures (ed. 8-cassette audio album). Joe also wrote several books with his artist/writer wife, Kit (Death of the Poets; Dog Truths; Fernando Hernandez: Story First: The Writer as Insider) and “What was she thinking of, an afterword” which appeared in Kit’s book What Wolves Know. Joe also wrote about Yale in an article entitled: “Don’t Trust Anybody Over Thirty: the anniversary of the Beinecke.”

Donald Washburn was Professor of English-Communications at the Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts, in North Adams, MA/  He wrote Guidelines to World Literature: The Modern World; Coping with Increasing Complexity: Implications of General Semantics and General Systems Theory. He also wrote three poetry books: In the Eye of the Red-Tailed Hawk-an Essay on Love; The Boy from under the Trees; and Prayer Reads: A Poem Cycle.

 Herbert (Herb) Weil is Professor Emeritus of the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. His books are: The First Part of Henry IV: The New Cambridge Shakespeare (edited with his wife, Judith); and Discussions of Shakespeare’s Romantic Comedy. Almost all of Herb’s articles are about some aspect of Shakespeare’s comedies; however, he has written a book that sounds like essential reading for aspiring writers: Reading, Writing, and Rewriting.

 James Wilhelm was Graduate Director of Comparative Literature at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. NJ. His earliest book was The Cruelest Month: Spring, Nature, and Love in Classical and Medieval Lyrics, followed by Seven Troubadours: The Creators of Modern Verse; Medieval Song: An Anthology of Hymns and Lyrics. and Lyrics of the Middle Ages. He then wrote six books about Ezra Pound: Dante and Pound: The Epic of Judgement; The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound; and The American Roots of Ezra Pound; Ezra Pound in London and Paris, 1908-1925; Ezra Pound, the Tragic Years. 1925-1972 and Il Miglior Fabbro: The Cult of the Difficult in Daniel, Dante, and Pound. In the 1980’s he wrote The Romance of Arthur; an Anthology that was published posthumously after his death in 2014. In 1995, James also published Gay and Lesbian Poetry: An Anthology from Sappho to Michelangelo.


Gargoyle Speaks” to Focus, the alumni publication of Union Theological Seminary and Presbyterian School of Christian Education.

(28)Latin America and the United States: The Changing Political Realities; The Future of Central America: Policy Choices for the U.S. and Mexico; Changing Course: Blueprint for Peace in Central America and the Caribbean; Capitalism and the State in U.S. Latin American Relations; and Forging Peace: The Challenge of Central America.

Actuarial Science, Computer Science, Mathematics, Statistics

Newton Bowers was Professor of Actuarial Science at Drake University, Clive, IA. His books were Actuarial Mathematics Risk Theory, Exercises for the Society of Actuaries Textbook Actuarial Course; Risk Theory Made Easy: A Self-Study Workbook; Life Contingencies: A Guide for the Actuarial Student; A Guide to the Actuarial Student: Life Contingencies and Ruin Theory; Exercises for the Society of Actuaries Textbook, “Actuarial Mathematics.” Study Notes and Practice Exercises for the SoA Textbook: “Actuarial Mathematics;” and Exercises for the Society of Actuaries/Casualty Actuarial Society Course.

 Donald Burrill was Professor of Statistics and Educational Research at the University of Toronto, Ontario.  His books were The Cosmological Arguments: A Spectrum of Opinion; A Generalized Approach to Statistics Education via Computer-based Instruction: A Feasibility Study.

Robert (Bob) Calman wrote Linear Programming and Cash Management: CASH ALPHA as a thesis when he was a Sloan Fellow at MIT’s Sloan School of Management; it won a prize and the MIT Press published it.

Francis Driscoll co-authored, ‘Note on a new mortality table for use in pension plans.’

George Langworthy wrote an article which appeared in Digital Review (the independent guide to DEC computing), entitled “Mass storage DEC-compatible optical disk subsystems are more than visionary technology.”; it received an award for the best feature article computer publication.

Pierre MacKay was Adjunct Member of the Department of Computer Science at the University of Washington.[29] (see also Section 15).His main publications were Computer Processing for Arabic: Script Documents: Proposal for a Standardized Code; and Computers and the Arabic Language. Pierre’s obituary[30] said ,“He developed the first digital typesetting font in Arabic.”

James Pickands was Professor of Statistics Emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania. He wrote: Measuring Capital Asset Returns and the Stable Probability Laws; Poisson stability as a Unifying Factor for Max-Stability and Sum-Stability; and Statistical Extremes and Applications.

Frank Smith, Information Technology Consultant, wrote a series of supporting users guide for clients such as J.P Morgan, Prudential, MetLife, Blue Cross, as well as users guides for organizational mapping, process mapping, a dental provider tracking and QA Systems guide and a policies and procedures manual for a Financial Services Back Office Project. He was Chief Editor and Contributor for Verification and Validation Project State of Michigan-Final Report.

His other publications were: Benefits Realization System-Users Guide (2005) and Consulting

Management Systems-Users Guide-2012, (a system of menus, process maps, and Users Guides for use of the Executive Service Corps’ management information system.)


(29)As well as Professor Emeritus of Classics, Near Eastern Languages, Civilization, and Comparative Literature.

(30)Beeton, Barbara. “Pierre MacKay, 1933-2015” in TUGboat, vol. 36, no.2, 2015 pg. 90

Engineering

Eugene Audiutori, editor of The New Engineering, has written The New Heat Transfer and the New Engineering, as well a number of papers and articles about heat transfer. Eight patents are also listed, amongst which is Design gas turbine fuel nozzles to prevent overheating the fuel as it passes through the nozzle.

Joshua Dranoff, Emeritus Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University, Evanston, IL has written articles about ion exchange kinetics.

hilip Drinker was a biomedical engineer at the Harvard Medical School and Peter Bent Brigham Hospital and wrote Measurement of Boundary Shear Stress in an Open Chennale Curve with a Surface Pilot Tube.

William Goring was formerly the Central Laboratory Engineering Manager for the Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI. His most recent publication was “Materials usage and energy in the automotive industry.”

Kent Healy was Professor of Civil Engineering in the Department of Engineering at the University of Connecticut. He has written thirty-one reports about soil, clay and sand dynamics, in tandem with MIT, as well as subjects like evaluation and repair of stonewall-earth dams, foundation design methods for poles and towers, prefabricated under-drains, and large-scale on-site waste/water reservation systems.

Jon Inskeep was the lead author for a report entitled Future Generation Tactical Engagement Simulation, written for the Fort Belvoir Defense Technical Information Center.

Lester Kosowsky, President, L.H. Kosowsky Associates in Stamford, CT has five patents listed[31]   amongst which is a patent jointly held with R. Pierro for Low Angle, air to ground ranging radar, and a patent held jointly with L. Botwin: Polarization-controlled map matcher missile guidance system.

George Lamb wrote about pile foundations, pile performance, and wave equation predictions.

Daniel Payne was joint author of an article entitled “Use of computers in measuring body electrolytes by Gamma spectrometry.”

Alex Wormser, owner of Wormser Systems, Inc in Salem, Oregon, has thirteen patents concerning fuel combustion: Burning and Desulfurizing Coal is an example.

(31) Multi-spectral radome; Ferroelectric panel; multi-purpose sensor and data link; The use of a deformable photonic crystal for millimetre-wave beam steering; and imaging system for obscured environments.

Journalism and Writing

 Hendon Chubb was a clinical psychologist (see Social Sciences) before he became a writer and mezzotint artist. His last book was The Curious Magpie: A Collection of Facts, Opinions, and Utopias in the Form of an Eccentric and Philosophical Encyclopedia.

Thomas (Tom) Coleman wrote book reviews for The St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

John Herbert Gill, a priest of the Protestant Episcopal Church in New York, described himself as having “..extreme High Church religious beliefs, and equally extreme left-liberal politics.” His list includes “Why Christians should support the Supreme Court Creation Science Decision.”, as well as “Food Stamps for the Rich.” However, in a totally different vein, he co-authored A Five-Year Plan for the Institute for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, and wrote Gertrude Stein: Blood on the Dining Room Floor, which was translated into German.

Richard-Louis D’E Grosse was the editor of International Notes; his poems appeared in the Sewanee Review and Harpers, Southern Review.

 Gilbert (Gib) M Grosvenor was Editor of The National Geographic Magazine from 1970 to 1980; he then became President and Chairman of the National Geographic Society. His career started with an article he co-authored with Charles (Charlie) Neave (see Medicine) about the North Sea flood of 1953. He is quoted as saying “Although I’m not sure I realized it at the time, it changed my life. I discovered the power of journalism. And that is what we’re all about—recording those chronicles of planet Earth.[32] Prior to becoming editor,Gib  headed the cartography division which produced the maps that were the hallmark of the National Geographic Magazine. Included in his list are thirty-five books about a wide range of geographical topics.  His commitment to teaching geography in schools is expressed in his book, Geographic Education: an Investment in Your Students’ Future.

Robert Hock, a playwright/actor wrote the following plays:  Borak, a Play in two acts, Snakes and Eggs: A Musical Revue in Two Acts; Abram’s Children, a Play; Exodus and Easter; Simon and Cathy. He also translated Ostrovsky’s The Storm.

Charles Laws wrote to say he is preparing a collection of essays he will call “Imagine this.”, which will be published in a blog.

Lee Lockwood, a photojournalist, held interviews with Fidel Castro in 1967 and published  several books about his visit with Castro: Castro’s Cuba: The Real Fidel: a Telling Portrait of Cuba and Its Enigmatic Leader; Lee Lockwood, Fidel Castro; and Cuba’s Fidel: an American Journalist’s Inside Look at Today’s Cuba in Text and Pictures.  Other publications included: Conversation with Eldridge Cleaver; Daniel Berrigan: Absurd Convictions: Modest Hopes: Conversations after Prison with Lee Lockwood..

Patrick McGrady founded CANHELP, an organization which offers advice on alternative cures for cancer. Patrick’s books included: The Youth Doctors (translated into French), The Love

Doctors, The Pritkin Program for Diet and Exercise (also in Italian), Life Zones: A Guide to Finding Your True Self; Life Zones: How to Win in the Game of Life (this also became an audiobook).

John Mitchell, was a Senior Editor of the Natural Geographic Magazine, but also published independently. His list of books included: The Sierra Club Handbook for Environmental Activists; Losing Ground: The Catskills: Land in the Sky; The Hunt; The Man Who Would Dam the Amazon & Other Accounts from Afield; Alaska Stories; Dispatches from the Deep Woods; The Wildlife Photographs; High Rock and the Green Belt: The Making of New York’s Largest Park.

Ted Morgan changed his name from Sanche de Gramont, his name during our Yale years, to Ted Morgan once he became an American citizen[33], having been a French citizen beforehand. His topics cover a wide range, starting with books about his French heritage: He wrote several books about his French heritage: The Age of Magnificence: The Memoirs of Louis de Rouvray Duc de Saint Simon; The French: Portrait of a People: The Way up:  the Memoirs of Count Gramont. He wrote about French war experiences, including his own and how American might have learned from French experience in Vietnam:  An Uncertain Hour: the French, the Germans, the Jews, the Barbie Trial, and the City of Lyon, 1940-1945. He wrote his memoirs, My Battle of Algiers,

followed by Valley of Death: The Tragedy at Dien Bien Phu that led America into the Vietnam

War. In 1978 he wrote On Becoming American. He wrote biographies of Somerset Maugham,[34] Churchill,[35]  Franklin Delano Roosevelt,[36] and William Burroughs.[37] There were books about America: Wilderness at Dawn: The Settling of the North American Continent; A Shovel of Stars: The Making of the American West 1800 to the Present. Ted also wrote two books about the McCarthy period.[38] This is only a brief summary and the reader is referred to Ted’s list in Section 6, which, at his request, is limited to selected publications.

Laurence (Larry) Newman spent his working life as journalist putting in thirty years at Dayton Newspapers. (Dayton, OH).

Walter Pincus was Executive Editor at The New Republic from 1972 to 1975;  and in that year,  he re-joined the Washington Post, where he had worked previously, and remained for forty years until 2015. He now is Columnist and Senior National Security Columnist for The Cipher Word. Walter’s list comprise the titles of many (but not all) of  the articles with his by-line, taken from the Washington Post archives. Glancing through the list gives the reader the highlights of  many of the major events in American political life over the past forty years.  Walter has picked out his favorite twenty-one articles. He admitted that he had never written a book, but is the process of writing one now, a book about control of nuclear weapons.[39]

Roger Smith, a free-lance writer wrote two reports: The American Reading Public: What it Reads, why it reads. From inside education and publishing, the view of present status, and future Trends:  The Daedalus Symposium with Rebuttals and Other New Material and Paperback Parnassus: the birth, the development, the pending crisis of the modern American paperback.

Edmund (Ned) Swigart, who is also in the Philosophy and Religion section, wrote three articles about archaeological finds in sites on the Housatonic River.

Ronald Vance, a writer and poet, has written the following books: The Home Gardener’s Guide to Bulb Flowers; I went to Italy and Ate Chocolate; and George Deem, 1932-2008. The Ronal Vance Papers are held in the Fales Library Downtown Collection New York University.


(32) Taken from Wikipedia,pp 1.

(33 )Ted wrote On Becoming American in 1978.

(34) Maugham, a Biography.

(35) Churchill: Young man in a hurry, 1874-1915.

(36) FDR: A Biography.

(37)  The Life and Times of William S. Burroughs.

(38 )A Covert Life: Jay Lovestone: Communist; anti-Communist, and Spymaster; and McCarthyism in Twentieth Century America.32.

(39) This will be timely: last week the North Koreans tested what is believed to be their own hydrogen bomb.

  Business (excluding Finance)

Donald (Obie) Clifford wrote The Winning Performance: How America’s High-Growth Midsize Companies Succeeded, which has been translated into thirteen languages.

Marcus Mello has written “Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce in New York: the first 50 years.”, which he has self-published.

Russell Myer’s essay that appeared in Friendships (“Taming the Wild Blue: an enthusiastic combination of Vocation and Avocation.”) is listed.

Ballard Morton, who was President and CEO of Orion Broadcasting, wrote Gladly learn: leadership; learning, teaching and practicing.

Arturo Naveira wrote “Merchandising policies for the furniture manufacturers in Puerto Rico.” for his MBA thesis in Marketing at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania in 1957.

Vincent Pantalone, amongst other publications gave two papers at two international conferences: “A Good Teacher is a Good Motivator.” (Achen, Germany. 1978); and “Educating adults for self-employment.” (Lausanne, 1980).

Richard (Dick) Polich is the founder of Polich Tallix Art Foundry, which currently holds the contract to produce the Oscar statuettes, and which has accomplished large-scale sculpture projects like casting Leonardo da Vinci’s monument horse, recounted in an article with the engaging title of  “Engineering and casting an eighty-ton horse to stand on two legs.” (Chapter in Leonardo da Vinci’s Sforza Monument Horse: the art and the Engineering. Ed. Diane Cole Ahl, 1995.)

Russell (Russ) Reynolds, Jr. is Founder and Chairman of RSR Partners in Greenwich, CT, an executive search firm. As a pioneer in encouraging a professional and scientific approach to the

field of what used to be called ‘head hunting’, Russ wrote Heads: Business Lessons from an Executive Search Pioneer. (see also Family History, and Yale)

Thomas (Tom) Richey has two films to his name, both have to do with promoting and selling new homes. (The Dynamics of New Homes; and Offensive Selling in a Defensive Market.) He has also written The Fine Art of Motivation for the National Association of Home Builders.

John Sherry was a lecturer at the Cornell University School of Hotel Administration. He carried on the tradition set by his father, John H. Sherry, in writing manuals for the hotel management industry.[40]


(40) Hotel/Motel Law Student Manual; The Laws of Innkeepers for Hotels, Motels, Restaurants, and Clubs; Legal Aspects of Foodservice; Legal Aspects of Hospitality Management.

 Finance

William Crozier was Chairman, President and CEO of Baybanks Inc,. in Brookline, MA,  which he ran for forty years. His books are: Baybanks and Fiscal Management Task Force Interim Report. (written with the Massachusetts Fiscal Management Task Force.)

David Dodd was the managing partner of the Kilburn Partnership in Avon, CT. His articles are: “Equity-linked financings abroad; what are foreign investors looking for?” and “Investment in a transitional economy.”

Peter Gavian was President of Corporate Finance of Washington, Inc. He wrote two articles about operations abroad in the late 60’s: “Organizing for foreign operation.”; and “Corporate Strategy for Eastern Europe.” He wrote two articles thirty years later: “A more convincing way to value employee options.” and “Are minority blocks in public companies’ worth one-third or one-third less.”

His essay in Friendships (‘Taking Stock in Growth: Removing Obstacles, and Tackling the Near Impossible’) is the only publication we could find for Richard (Dick) Gilder.  There is an oblique reference in his essay[41] to the pressure Dick successfully put on Yale to allow our class to control the investment strategy for our 50th Reunion gift fund, which actually achieved the ‘near-impossible’ and led to the creation of two buildings on the Yale campus named after the Class of 1954.

Charles (Charlie) Johnson was CEO and Chairman from 1957 to 2012 of Franklin Templeton Investments of San Mateo, CA. His donations to Yale of the Yale Bowl Class of 54 Field, as well as Benjamin Franklin College and Pauli Murry College, place him amongst the top donors (ever) to Yale.  How did Charlie do it? is a question many ask. Some of the answers may be found in   Persistence and Perspective: Franklin Templeton Investments: The First Sixty Years,

William Jones wrote “Here come the oil companies again.” for the Financial Analysts Journal.

Stephen Kumble, Chairman of Lincolnshire Management, has written an article relating to securities (“Foreign Securities Issuers—Beware: The SEC is Watching You.”) and also a book which appears to be about the misbehavior of a relative of his:  Conduct Unbecoming: The Rise and Fall of Finley Kumble.

 Charles Lanphier, President, Lanphier Capital Management, wrote Industrial Development Bond Financing in Action.

 Charles (Chick) Treadway wrote “The negotiable Certificate of Deposit: a money market instrument.” as his thesis at Stonier Graduate School of Banking, Rutgers University.


(41) “.. a bright talent from Kentucky, Joe McNay, had begun to shine. (Joe ultimately built Yale 54-50s investment to breath-taking levels.” Friendships pp 85.)

 History

John Battick, Associate Professor of History in the Department of History at the University of Maine, wrote a number of articles about Oliver Cromwell.[42]  He also wrote chapters in books and articles about Maine seafaring (“A Study of the Demographic History of Seafaring Population of Belfast and Searsport, Maine, 1840-1900;” “The Searsport Thirty-Six: seafaring wives of a Maine Community in 1880;” and “Penobscot Bay: The Historical Background.” His book, co-authored with his wife, Nancy Klimavicz Battick, is entitled Vital Records of Dover-Foxcroft, Maine, 3 volumes.

David Clark wrote “James I and Antonio de Dominis: the influence of a Venetian reformer on the Church of England.” and “Optics for preachers: The De Oculi morali of Peter of Limoges.”

Harris Coulter graduated from Yale in Russian Studies, was fluent in six languages and earned a Master’s Degree in Political Science and a PhD. from Columbia University. He then made a radical change in direction and began to specialize in the history of homeopathic medicine and ultimately became an advocate against vaccination. With Barbara Lee Fisher, he wrote what she described as “the first major, well documented book examining the scientific and clinical evidence that vaccination can and does cause brain inflammation, permanent brain damage and death for some.”[43] Harris’s list includes forty books about homeopathic medicine, its history and its practice.

Everett Crosby is Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Virginia. His books, mostly about Middle Ages English history, are: The Past as Prologue: sources and studies in European Civilization; The Vintage Years: the story of High Tor vineyards; Medieval Studies: A bibliographic guide; The Seventeenth Century Restoration: Sir William Dugdale and his Circle; Bishop and Chapter of Twelfth Century England: A Study of the Mensa Episcopalis; Medieval Warfare: a bibliographical guide; and The King’s bishops: The Politics of Patronage in England and Normandy.

James Harrison was a member of the History Department at Hunter College.  His first two  books were The Communists and Chinese Peasant Rebellion: a study in the Rewriting of Chinese History; and  The Long March to Power: A History of the Chinese Communist Party, 1921-72 He then wrote about The Endless War: Fifty Years of Struggle in Vietnam. His last book was Mastering the Sky: A History of Aviation from Ancient Times to the Present.

Robert Hess was the former President of Brooklyn College. His publications dealt Italian colonization in Africa: “Italy and Africa: Colonial Ambitions in the First World War;” Italian colonization in Somalia; Ethiopia: the modernization of autocracy; “Italian imperialism in the

Ethiopian context” He was co-author of a major bibliographic source for scholars of Africa: Semper ex Africa: A bibliography of primary source for nineteenth century tropical Africa as recorded by explorers, traders, travelers, administrators, military men, adventurers and others. His last article was about English history: “The Sackville family and Sussex Politics: the campaign for the by-election, 1741.”

David Maginnes, part-time teacher at CCNY in American, Afro-American and European History issues, wrote his Phd thesis about “The Point of Honor: The Rendition of the Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns, Boston 1854,” and ‘The Case of the Court House Rioters in the Rendition of the Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns, 1854,’ which was published in the Journal of Negro History.

Standish (Stan) Meacham, Sheffield Centennial Professor, Emeritus in the Department of History, is joint author of Western Civilization. However, hisbooks and articles  concentrated on nineteenth and early twentieth century English history: articles and books about individuals (“Henry Thornton and the conscience of Clapham;” “Priestley in America;” Lord Bishop: The Life of Samuel Wilberforce, 1805-1873; Paul Martin, Victorian Photographer.); as well as articles about the  English working class: “The sense of an impending clash: English working-class unrest before the First World War;” “Engels, Manchester and the working class;” and Life Apart: the English working class 1890-1914. Stan also wrote  about social reform in England in the nineteenth century, typified by Toynbee Hall and the Garden City movement. [44]

Wlliam Reedy was Associate Professor in the History Department of State University of New York. His specialism was in early twelfth century England, with a specific interest in the Bassett charters. 1120-1250.

The long  list of Gaddis Smith, Larned Professor Emeritus of History, includes books,[45] which concentrate on American political issues and personalities in the latter half of the twentieth century, which endows the books with historical immediacy.  Gaddis wrote the chapter about

Dean Acheson in The American Secretaries of State and their Diplomacy series. His list of articles reflects his prolific writing production, perhaps not exceptional for a former Editor of the Yale Daily News; however, part of the picture is missing because Gaddis churned out numerous book reviews which have not been included.[46] There were audio books about US relations with China made in 1974 and 1976 and a VHS video which Gaddis participated in the Yale GreatTeacher series, entitled Turning Points in American Foreign Relations. Gaddis also has written about Yale during the twentieth century and the Yale Law School. (see Yale)

Benjamin Uroff was in the Department of History at the University of Illinois in Urbana, IL. He wrote a book entitled On Russia in the Reign of Alexis Mikhailovich. (1970; reprinted in 2014.)


(42)“Cromwell’s Navy and the foreign policy of the Protectorate, 1653-1658);” “Cromwell’s Imperial Vision: A Re-evaluation of the Western Design, 1654-55;” “Cromwell’s Diplomatic Blunder: the relationship between the Western Design of 1654-55 and the French Alliance of 1657;” “Much Ado about Oliver: The Parliamentary Dispute over Cromwell’s Statue.”

(43)Fisher, Barbara Lee. “Harris Coulter was a brave visionary.” 3/29/2010. National Vaccine Information Center.

(44) Toynbee Hall and Social Reform, 1880-1940: the search for community’ “Raymond Unwin (1863-1940) Designing for Democracy in Edwardian England.” and Regaining Paradise: Englishness and the Early Garden City Movement.

(45) Impeachment (1965, 1973); A History Teacher’s Reflections on the Korean War (1968); The Aims of American Foreign Policy (1969); The United States and the Origins of the Cold War; Dean Acheson (1972); The U.S. vs. International Terrorists (1977); What we got for what we gave: the American experience with foreign aid (1978); . (1978); United States American Diplomacy During the Second World War, 1941-1945; (1985); Morality, Reason and Power: American Diplomacy in the Carter Years (1986); The Last Years of the Monroe Doctrine (1995)

(46) The interested reader is referred to worldcat.org for G. Smith book reviews.

Publishing

Samuel (Sam) Antupit was Vice President and Art Director of Abrams, before becoming the founder of Common Place Publishing and the Cycling Frog Press. His first book, written two years after we graduated, was A Story for Children to Read to Their Parents: The Private Revolt of Merton Burton.  Further books included: The Beach Book; Peace. The Guards; Candle Power; Knoxville; and Angels, which was picked by the Book-of-the-Month club. One title of an article especially caught my eye: “How to read a coffee table book.” His essay[47] from Friendships is included .

William Martin was a sales agent and consultant to Elm City newspapers, based in Milford, CT; he wrote “The role of the computer consultant.”

Carl Shedd, publisher and President, Publitech, Inc, AdEast Enterprises, Inc., was the publisher of AdEast, which he described as a tabloid newspaper. Each month, he wrote a front-page commentary in a column entitled “Getting Into It.” Carl also was editor and publisher of St. Regis Yacht Club Centennial Book. (Carl’s many publications contributions to our class listed are  in the Yale section. (20)).


(47)“Grand designs: early mentoring by Charlie Fenion and Joself Albers.”

 Family History

Bill Bernhard wrote “Lots of Lehman’s,” which was privately published for the Center for Jewish History in 2007.

Bill Coke wrote “McCutchen Meadows: A Family Story.” primarily for his daughters, grandsons, niece and nephews.

Guil Dudley has written Disowned: Goats in the Garden of Southern Aristocrats about his and his brother’s relationships with their father. He expects to publish it soon.

John Franciscus has written several books about the House of Franciscus, including A History of the United States According to Franciscus and Related Families, 1710-2000 AD.

John Kirby, former assistant director of the Yale Art Gallery, has written “John Plum (1594-1648): Immigrant Ancestor.”

Thomas Moore, aka Lord Bridestowe in the UK, has written about the longest-standing family history of any classmate. dating his family history back to William the Conqueror in his book  Plantagenet Descent: 31 Generations from William the Conqueror to Today.

Bob Redpath has traced his Scottish Border Redpath roots back to the early eighteenth century in Berwickshire and Roxburghshire. He has self-published his father’s papers and his mother’s poetry.

Russ Reynolds, Jr., a thirteenth-generation resident of Greenwich, CT, has published Loyal to the Land: The History of a Greenwich Connecticut Family.

George Spaeth has written Family Voices: Writings by Descendants of Martha and George Link.

Ned Swigart wrote two books about his ancestors: An Emerson-Benson Saga: The Ancestry of Charles F. Emerson and Bessie Benson and the Struggle to Settle the United States—including the 1914 Allied Lines; and The Ancestors and Descendants of Edmond K. Swigart (1867-1914) and Henrietta Myers (1868-1948).

Second Careers and Hobbies

Robert Achor was editor of The Dashboard, a publication of the Classic Car Club of America. (Greater Illinois Region.)

Harry Adams wrote an article for The Journal of American Aviation Historical Society entitled “The Cliff Maas Airport.”

Wiz Arndt has published this year a book entitled “Wizdom” Memos: Thoughts, Observations, Bits of Advice on Life.

Dick Bell has enjoyed writing as an avocation, especially his books about fishing: Whoops for the Wind! and Other Tales of the Walton Fishing Club.” and Potatuck: A History of the Potatuck Club of Newtown, Connecticut.

Dick Fagen has published two novels: Closer to Houston and Adios, Cancun.

Bob Haws has written two articles for Yachting Magazine about his boat “Knockdown.”

Irving Jensen published Drive: The Road to Perfection.

Karl Lamb describes his second career (after political scientist) as ‘novelist’ and has published two novels so far (Ragtime for the Rockies; and Hard Times in the Rockies) with a third to follow entitled Wartime in the Rockies.

 Mark Mello attended Bard College to study at the Bard Center for Environment Policy and in 2004  wrote a Masters of Science thesis entitled “ “Choices; Strategy and Site Selection by Land Trusts: a Multi-Attribute Utility Analysis Decision Model.” This year  he translated from Portuguese into English a book about a trip made by three young Brazilians from Capetown to Nordkap in a Jeep in 1957.

Ballard Morton retired as President and CEO of Orion Broadcasting to teach in business school. He wrote “My Words! Words I have liked and some I have written.”

Juris Padegs was formerly on the Board of Directors of Scudder Stevens and Clark and wrote articles for the Bulletin of Baltic Studies.

Bob Redpath trained as a professional counselor/psychotherapist following his retirement and counselled individuals and couples for twenty-five years.  His article is entitled “The medical model as it relates to counselling.”

Ellhu Rose was able to juggle two careers simultaneously throughout his working career: as partner of Rose Associates, investors in property, and as adjunct associate professor at NYU as a teacher of military history. He taught at Yale, Columbia, University of Maryland, the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy and the U.S Coast Guard Academy.

Mike Stanley, instructor at the Hurricane Island Outward Bound school, wrote a book of poetry entitled “This trip I’m on.” which he handed out at our 60th Reunion and which was the inspiration for this project.

George Starcher left his job as senior partner of McKinsey & Co in Paris and Milan to become the head of the European Baha’i Business Forum, United States. The titles of his articles suggest practical application of Baha’i to business ethics.

Dan Strickler has self-published several books about the big game hunting and bird shooting trips he has taken over the years. He writes: “Some of these personal adventures have been commemorated by travel journals.”  (“Into the Yukon with Dall Sheep,” “The Roikraad Journal: Where the antelope play,” etc.)

After twenty-eight years of teaching at the Gunnery School, Ned Swigart left his job to found the Institute for American Indian Studies in Washington, CT. He wrote two articles for archeological bulletins about the Kirby Brook site near Washington CT, where American Indian artefacts were discovered.

John Waldman, M.D. wrote a book for the History of Warfare series entitled Hafted Weapons in Medieval and Renaissance Europe: the evolution of European staff weapons between 1200 and 1650.

Duncan Whitaker, a lawyer before retirement, became a photographer and has published two books: The Wondrous Lotus.” and “Photography:  a Second Career.”

Yale

This section includes the essays or other contributions by classmates included in the four reunion publications:

Yale Class of ’54 25th Reunion Yearbook

Essays by: Harris Ashton; Donald (Obie) Clifford; William (Sandy) Muir; Joseph (Joe ) Reed;

Gaddis Smith; Charles (Chick) Treadway.

Friendships: The Yale Class of 1954 Our Fiftieth Reunion[48]

Essays by: Howard Hoffman; Marvin Miller; Richard (Dick) Polich; Carl Shedd; Gaddis Smith: Joel Smilow;  Richard (Dick) Thornburgh; William Usher

Our 60th. Bring It On! Yale 1954 Class Directory Sixtieth Reunion

Essays by: Willis (Wiz) Arndt; Howard Brenner; Donald (Obie) Clifford; Christopher Forster;

Frederik Frank; Irving Jensen; Charles (Charlie) Johnson; Thomas (Tom) McLane;

William (Sandy) Muir; Russell (Russ) Reynolds, Jr.; Joel Smilow; Carl Shedd:  Richard (Dick) Thornburgh.

Our 60th Yale 1954 Sixtieth Reunion Highlights

Essays by: John Franciscus; Paul Pesek, Russell Reynolds, Jr.; Carl Shedd

here are references to the class notes written by class secretaries[49]: Muir (1954-64), Arndt (1964-69); Donald (Obie) Clifford (1969-79)l Charles G.Watson (1979-84); Thomas L McLane (1984-1989); Howard Brenner (1989-1994); Christopher Foerster (1994-1999); Joel Smilow (1999-2004); Barrie Rich (2004-2009); (Cy) Paul Pesek (2009-2014); and Russell Reynolds, Jr. (2014 to present).

Then there are several titles which catch the eye. “Yale, Skull and Bones and the Beginnings of Johns Hopkins.”(Jarrett); “Could Bart Giamatti have stopped steroids?” (Thornburgh); and  Class of ’54 : Memories of a Yale Man, written by David Foerster about his  amorous rite de passage in Europe, where he travelled before he took up his responsibilities as a doctor.

Gaddis Smith was one of two Yale professors in our class (the other being Harry Miskiminm Jr). Gaddis has contributed a chapter to History of the Yale Law School: the Tercentennial Lectures and has written “For God, For Country and For Yale” in War and Peace.” He has also written a book entitled Yale in the Twentieth Century.

It is perhaps fitting to end with a tribute to my roommate, Alan A. (Al) Ryan, III, who painted a huge masterful painting of Handsome Dan for Yale football coach, ‘Carm’ Cozza, who, in turn, eventually donated it to Mory’s. The painting now hangs in the foyer of Mory’s on York Street. Al produced a card with a miniature version for our 60th reunion; a copy appears on page 378.


(48) Note that a number of essays in Friendships appear in subject sections

(49)On page 6 of Our 60th. Bring It On! there is a page entitled ‘Original 1954 Class Notes’ signed by Robert (Bob aka Blaster) A. Bryan, Cor. Sec., who was filling in for Sandy Muir who had contracted polio on July 26 after our graduation.

Summary of footnotes



[1] Smilow Cancer Hospital (named after Joel Smilow, a key donor), Class of 1954 Chemistry Research Building, Class of 1954 Environmental Science Center (both buildings financed by the extraordinary growth of the 1954 50th reunion fund—due in large part to Dick Gilder’s insistence on our managing our own reunion gift funds), two colleges donated by Charlie Johnson (Benjamin Franklin College, Pauli Murray College), Yale Bowl Class of 1954 Field (donated by Charlie Johnson), Smilow 1954 Sky box, Smilow Field Center, Jensen Plaza (donated by Irving Jensen and his family), Gilder Boathouse (donated by Dick Gilder).

[2] Oldest College Daily -Yale Daily News.

[3] “This Trip I’m On.” Self-published contact Mike Stanley (mstanley12@gmail.com).

[4] Reed, Joseph. “A Bibliographic Check List of Writings of the Class of 1954 which had been published by 1979, the year of the twenty-fifth anniversary of its graduation. In The Yale Class of ’54 25th Reunion Year Book. Pp. 229-240.

[5] Carl’s contributions were: Friendships The Yale Class of 1954 Our Fiftieth Reunion (2004); Our 60th. Bring it on! (2014); and Our Sixtieth Yale 1954 Reunion Highlights (2014).

[6] Chicago, IL and London: The University of Chicago Press.

[7] Nor were they asked to submit their lists in Word, a mistake on our part.

[8]Nancy Loeffler and Meredith Grider (See Thanks and Acknowledgments).

[9] This is twenty-nine percent of our graduating class of nine hundred and twenty-three.

[10] Friendships The Yale Class of 1954 Our Fiftieth Reunion; Our 60th. Bring It On! Yale 1954 Class Directory Sixtieth Reunion; and Our 60th New Records Set! Yale 1954 Sixtieth Reunion Highlights.

[11] These are musical compositions, not articles per se.

[12] The total number of contributors (309) exceeds the total number of respondents (267) because some classmates contributed to more than one subject area. I have not shown the average numbers of publications per contributor per subject because the averages would be inflated by the impressively large lists of publications of Spaeth (Medicine); Willis (Physics); Lucier (Music); and Thornburgh (Government). Median number of publications per contributor per subject area would be the appropriate measure. However,  if these four outliers are eliminated, scientists and doctors still show the highest rates of publication with, on average, forty-three and forty publications during their careers.

[13] The following are the specialisms which were identified: allergist (Hadley); cardiologist (Shelburne); cardiac surgeon (Matloff and Toole),case management  (Steinberg),cytogeneticist (Gromults), dentist (Joy); dermatologist (Burnett, Kindell); emergency and outpatient services (Pendagast); endocrinologist (Bransome); hand surgeon (Sandzen); hematologist/pathologist (Cornwell and Jenkins); infectious diseases (Jacoby and Kislak); internal medicine (Barbee and Galton) US Naval Medical Corps (Flynn), nephrologist (Coggins, Roberts); neurologist (Blankfein, Marcus and Swanson); neurosurgeon (Landau), obstetrician (Hawkinson), oncologist (Snyder and Sweedler); ophthalmologist (Jarrett and Spaeth); otologist (Gallagher); pathologist (James and Jones); pediatrician (Cooper and Phillips); pediatric radiologist (Pritzger) plastic surgeon (Foerster, Stanley); psychiatrist (Seides); radiologist (Radcliffe); stroke/trauma and neurodegenerative disorders (Walker); surgeon (Saltzstein, Slanetz, and Tracey); surgical; oncologist (Douglass).

[14] Advocacy Institute and Smoking Control Advocacy Resource Center.

[15] Friendships, pg.76,

[16] Timely? As I write, Houston is still flooded and Hurricane Irma, a Force Five hurricane is moving towards Florida.

[17] Laws, Outlaws and Terrorists; Preserving Liberty in an Age of Terror; Terrorism, Freedom and Security

[18] “Biblical Social Welfare Legislation;” “The Death Penalty and Due Process in Biblical Law;” “Transfer of Property by Inheritance and Bequest in Biblical Law and Tradition.”

[19] Hearing, Developmentally disabled; Epilepsy; Down Syndrome; Cerebral Palsy; Spina Bifida; Autism; Fragile X Syndrome.

[20]  Energy and World Politics (1975), Administration of Energy Shortages: Natural Gas and Petroleum (1976);

[21] Non-proliferation treaty: framework for Nuclear Arms Control; Nuclear Proliferation: prospects for control;

Civil nuclear power and international security; Global Politics of Nuclear Energy; International Safeguards and Nuclear Industry; Nuclear Theft: risks and safeguards; SALT: The Moscow Agreements and Beyond.

[22] “The Boston Massacre”; “Documents of the Colonial Conflict: Sources for the legal history of the American Revolution.”

[23] “Biblical Authority in Modern Christian Political Ethics: a Study Contrasting Karl Barth and Helmut Thielicke on the subject”; “The need for an ongoing dimension in Christian Ethics;” “A Theological explanation of reproductive ethics;” “Biblical stimulus for ethical reflections.”

[24] The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Tradition; The Historical Jesus and the Kingdom of God.

[25] Act and Idea in the Nazi Genocide; The Future of the Holocaust: Between History and Ethics; Holocaust Representation: Post-Holocaust: Interpretations, Misinterpretation, and the Claims of History; Philosophical Witnessing: The Holocaust as Presence; Primo Levi: The Matter of a Life; Philosophy and the Holocaust; Writing and the Holocaust; The Holocaust: A Reader; The Act as Idea.

[26] The term ‘genocide’ was officially defined by the United Nations Assembly in 1946 and then acts of genocide were prohibited by the UN in January 1951, in spring term of our freshman year.

[27] Sib says, “Between Spring, 1990 and Spring, 2002 I contributed 34 instalments of a humorous column called “The Gargoyle Speaks” to Focus, the alumni publication of Union Theological Seminary and Presbyterian School of Christian Education.

[28] Latin America and the United States: The Changing Political Realities; The Future of Central America: Policy Choices for the U.S. and Mexico; Changing Course: Blueprint for Peace in Central America and the Caribbean; Capitalism and the State in U.S. Latin American Relations; and Forging Peace: The Challenge of Central America.

[29] As well as Professor Emeritus of Classics, Near Eastern Languages, Civilization, and Comparative Literature.

[30]Beeton, Barbara. “Pierre MacKay, 1933-2015” in TUGboat, vol. 36, no.2, 2015 pg. 90

[31] Multi-spectral radome; Ferroelectric panel; multi-purpose sensor and data link; The use of a deformable photonic crystal for millimetre-wave beam steering; and imaging system for obscured environments.

[32] Taken from Wikipedia,pp 1.

[33] Ted wrote On Becoming American in 1978.

[34] Maugham, a Biography.

[35] Churchill: Young man in a hurry, 1874-1915.

[36] FDR: A Biography.

[37] The Life and Times of William S. Burroughs.

[38] A Covert Life: Jay Lovestone: Communist; anti-Communist, and Spymaster; and McCarthyism in Twentieth Century America.32.

[39] This will be timely: last week the North Koreans tested what is believed to be their own hydrogen bomb.

[40] Hotel/Motel Law Student Manual; The Laws of Innkeepers for Hotels, Motels, Restaurants, and Clubs; Legal Aspects of Foodservice; Legal Aspects of Hospitality Management.

[41] “.. a bright talent from Kentucky, Joe McNay, had begun to shine. (Joe ultimately built Yale 54-50s investment to breath-taking levels.” Friendships pp 85.)

[42] “Cromwell’s Navy and the foreign policy of the Protectorate, 1653-1658);” “Cromwell’s Imperial Vision: A Re-evaluation of the Western Design, 1654-55;” “Cromwell’s Diplomatic Blunder: the relationship between the Western Design of 1654-55 and the French Alliance of 1657;” “Much Ado about Oliver: The Parliamentary Dispute over Cromwell’s Statue.”

[43]Fisher, Barbara Lee. “Harris Coulter was a brave visionary.” 3/29/2010. National Vaccine Information Center.

[44] Toynbee Hall and Social Reform, 1880-1940: the search for community’ “Raymond Unwin (1863-1940) Designing for Democracy in Edwardian England.” and Regaining Paradise: Englishness and the Early Garden City Movement.

[45] Impeachment (1965, 1973); A History Teacher’s Reflections on the Korean War (1968); The Aims of American Foreign Policy (1969); The United States and the Origins of the Cold War; Dean Acheson (1972); The U.S. vs. International Terrorists (1977); What we got for what we gave: the American experience with foreign aid (1978); . (1978); United States American Diplomacy During the Second World War, 1941-1945; (1985); Morality, Reason and Power: American Diplomacy in the Carter Years (1986); The Last Years of the Monroe Doctrine (1995)

[46] The interested reader is referred to worldcat.org for G. Smith book reviews.

[47] “Grand designs: early mentoring by Charlie Fenion and Joself Albers.”

[48] Note that a number of essays in Friendships appear in subject sections

[49] On page 6 of Our 60th. Bring It On! there is a page entitled ‘Original 1954 Class Notes’ signed by Robert (Bob aka Blaster) A. Bryan, Cor. Sec., who was filling in for Sandy Muir who had contracted polio on July 26 after our graduation.